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Ch 7 Evaluating Categorical Arguments Test

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5 Written Questions

4 Matching Questions

  1. Rules for Valid Syllogisms
  2. subject term
  3. middle term
  4. categorical syllogism
  1. a in a standard form categorical claim, the first plural noun identifying a class, group, or set
  2. b 1. The middle term must be distributed at least once
  3. c a common type of categorical argument, containing two premises and a conclusion
  4. d in a categorical syllogism, the term that occurs in both premises but is absent from the conclusion

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. 3. If a premise is negative, the conclusion must be negative, and vice versa
  2. 2. Any term that is distributed in the conclusion must be distributed in a premise
  3. a diagram of overlapping circles used to represent the relationship between categorical claims
  4. 'only' term that refers to the predicate term
  5. the term beginning a standard form categorical claimm, which indicates the quantity and quality of the claim

5 True/False Questions

  1. Directions for a Complete Analysis plus EvaluationStep 1: Basic Analysis
    Step 2: Argument » Fallacy
    Step 3: If argument does not commit a fallacy » Diagram + verify that the diagram is consistent
    Step 4: Kind of Argument
    (deductive » truth-functional/categorical)
    (inductive » analogical, causal, inductive generalization)
    Step 5: Evaluate
    (If categorical » state syllogism in standard form + demonstrate valid/invalid using
    1. Venn diagram or
    2. rules for valid syllogisms)

          

  2. standard formin a categorical syllogism, the subject term of the conclusion, which is also present in one of the premises

          

  3. major termin a categorical syllogism, the subject term of the conclusion, which is also present in one of the premises

          

  4. the only'only' term that refers to the predicate term

          

  5. copulain a categorical claim, the verb linking the subject and predicate terms

          

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