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5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
 middle term
 Rules for Valid Syllogisms
 quantifier
 copula
 standard form
 a in a categorical syllogism, the term that occurs in both premises but is absent from the conclusion
 b the form of presenting categorical claims following the formal rules of their expression
 c 2. Any term that is distributed in the conclusion must be distributed in a premise
 d in a categorical claim, the verb linking the subject and predicate terms
 e the term beginning a standard form categorical claimm, which indicates the quantity and quality of the claim
5 Multiple choice questions
 5. A valid argument cannot have two universal premises when the conclusion is particular
 in a categorical claim, a subject or predicate term that concerns every member of the group that the subject or predicate term represents
 in a standard form categorical claim, the first plural noun identifying a class, group, or set
 Step 1: Basic Analysis
Step 2: Argument » Fallacy
Step 3: If argument does not commit a fallacy » Diagram + verify that the diagram is consistent
Step 4: Kind of Argument
(deductive » truthfunctional/categorical)
(inductive » analogical, causal, inductive generalization)
Step 5: Evaluate
(If categorical » state syllogism in standard form + demonstrate valid/invalid using
1. Venn diagram or
2. rules for valid syllogisms)  a diagram of overlapping circles used to represent the relationship between categorical claims
5 True/False questions

Rules for Valid Syllogisms → 4. A valid argument cannot have two negative premises

only → in a categorical claim, the verb linking the subject and predicate terms

Rules for Valid Syllogisms → 3. If a premise is negative, the conclusion must be negative, and vice versa

predicate term → in a standard form categorical claim, the second plural noun identifying a class, group, or set

categorical syllogism → 1. The middle term must be distributed at least once