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Eng II Greek Theater Terms

Skene

Stage building behind orchestra where the actors changed costumes.

Dithyramb

was an ode to Dionysus

Deuteragonist

a sidekick who accompanies the main protagonist (Aeschylus)

Orchestra

circular acting space at center, translates as "dancing place"

Theatron

Spectator seating; "seeing place" (embankment)

Tritagonist

a third character which allowed more complex interactions of dialogue (Sophocles)

Thymele

Altar of Dionysus that sits in the center of Orchestra

Proskenion

portion immediately in front of the skene was used as an acting area

Parodos (stage diagram)

passage ways for the actors to make their entrances and exits

Ekkykelemia

cart rolled out to show bodies of warriors killed in battle

Prohedria

stone seats reserved for prestigious people originally for the priests

Exodos

the final or exit scene

Prologos

establishes dramatic situation

Parados (play structure)

the first choral ode of Chorus, "exposition"

Paean

a hymn of praise to the gods

Episode

main action, equivalent of an "Act"

Stasima

choral interlude, makes comment on the action in the Episode

Exodos

Final summation and exit of Chorus

Chorus

composed of 15 men that express opinions, gives advice, and author's point of view

Choragos

leader of the chorus that can play a individual role in the play

Strophe

part of the ode moving from right to left

Antistrophe

left to right

Ode

separated each scene; no curtain; also response to scene

Epode

final stanza of the ode

Three Unities

One Day, One Setting, One Plot (Aristotle)

Paean

choral hymn in praise of a god (Dionysos)

Tragedy

as defined by Aristotle, a play in which suffering brings about self-knowledge; serious treatment of religious and moral questions.

Katharsis

a cleansing the viewer receives from watching; a release from tension

Aristeia

excellence

Harmartia

(tragic flaw) - act, moral flaw or intellectual mistake

Peripeteia

reversal of fortune

Anagnorisis

understanding

Polytheistic

many gods

Anthropomorphism

giving human qualities to the gods

Hubris

setting up of self as superior to all humans, even equal to God (gods); extreme pride; arrogance

Deus ex machina

crane mounted on skene; used to bring about the appearance of gods. usually a stuffed dummy suspended in air.

Dramatic irony

discrepancy between what the character thinks and what the audience knows.

Oracle

of Apollo at Delphi; one who delivers god's message to man.

Regicide

killing of a king

Patricide

killing one's own father

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