Chapter 1

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26 terms

Polycthemia

A disease characterized by an overproduction of red blood cells.

Hemochromatosis

A genetic disease marked by exessive absorption and accumulation of iron in the body.

Antisepsis

The prevention of sepsis by preventing or inhibiting the growth of a causative microorganism.

Tort

A private wrong or injury other than breach of contract, for which the court will provide a remedy.

Abandonment

A premature termination of the professional treatment relationship by the health care provider without adequate notice of patient's consent.

Assault

The act of intentionally causing someone to fear that he or she is about to become the victim of battery,or incomplete battery.

Battery

The act of intentionally touching someone in a harmful or offensive manner without the person's consent.

Duty of Care

The responsibility not to infringe on another's right by either intentionally or carelessly causing him or her harm.

False Imprisonment

The intentional and unjustifiable act of preventing someone from moving about.

Fraud

An intentional misrepresentation. A dilberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain.

Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress

The willful infliction of emotional or actions causing the patient to suffer duress.

Invasion of Privacy

A tort involving one or more of the following four categories; illegal appropriation of another's name for commercial use, intrusion into a person's privacy, placing a person in false light, or disclosure of private facts.

Libel

A written statement falsifying facts about someone that causes harm to that person's reputation.

Slander

The act of falsifying of facts which causes harm to a person's reputation. Slander is spoken as opposed to libel, which is written.

Negligence

The failure to act with reasonable care resulting in the harm of others.

Respondeat Superior

A latin phrase which means "let the master answer." in more common language, employers must answer for damage their employees cause within the scope of employee's position.

Malpractice

The misconduct or unprofessional treatment by someone in a professional or official position.

Felony

A crime more serious than a misdemeanor, punishable bya sentence of more than one year in prison or death.

Misdemeanor

A crime less serious than a felony, punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to one year in jail

Informed Consent

Agreement by the patient to a medical procedure or treatment after recieving adequate information about the procedure or treatment, risks,, and/or consequences.

Burden of Proof

A legal term used in conjunction with the terms malpractice and negligence. Must be proved by the client when an accusation of malpractice or negligenceis claimed, rather than the health care provider proving that none existed.

Chain of Custody

The procedure for ensuring that material obtained for diagnosis has been taken from the named patient, is properly labeled, and has not been tampered with en route to the laboratory.

Blood-Borne Pathogen

A term applied to any infectious microorganism present in the blood and/or other body fluids and tissues.

Personal Protective Equipment

Disposable gloves, lab coats or aprons, protective face gear such as masks and goggle with side sheilds, all required by OSHA to be worn when handling body fluids.

Biohazardous Waste

Any waste material that is harmful or potentially harmful to humans, or other species, or the enviroment.

Hemolysis

The destruction of the membrane of red blood cellsand the liberationof hemoglobin, which diffuses into the surrounding fluid.

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