CPUSH The Americans Chapter 13 terms and names

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FHS Burke 2010-2011

GREAT PLAINS

a vast prairie region extending from Alberta and Saskatchewan and Manitoba in Canada south through the west central United States into Texas

TREATY OF FORT LARAMIE

hoping to ensure peace, the federal government negotiated this treaty in 1851. eight native american groups agreed to specific geographical boundaries, while the u.s. promised that these territories would belong to the native americans forever

SITTING BULL

a chief of the Sioux:EX. took up arms against settlers in the northern Great Plains and against United States Army troops; he was present at the battle of Little Bighorn (1876) when the Sioux massacred General Custer's troops (1831-1890)

GEORGE A. CUSTER

He was a Military leader in the Battle of Little Big Horn. Found Gold in Black Hills and forced Sioux out (Little Big Horn)

ASSIMILATION

the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture

DAWES ACT

An act that removed Indian land from tribal possesion, redivided it, and distributed it among individual Indian families. In this 1887 law which gave all Native American males 160 acres to farm and also set up schools to make Native American children more like other Americans: see assimilation.

BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE

Indians became restless, and the government dispatched the 7th Cavalry, Custer's old unit to the scene. In hope of calming hte crisis, the Indian police officers tried to arrest Sitting Bull but he refused making the officers shoot and kill him, his followers surrendered and were round up at a creek called Wounded Kee. as they were being disarmed, someone fired a shot and soldiers opened fire killing more than 200 sioux.

LONGHORN

a breed of sturdy, long-horned cattle brought by the Spanish to Mexico and suited to the dry conditions of the southwest

GREENHORN

an untrained or inexperienced person; a newly arrived immigrant; a naive or gullible person.

CHISHOLM TRAIL

the major long drive route north from Texas to Ablilene, Kansas, where cowboys drove herds of cattle to the railroads to be shipped back East for huge profits

LONG DRIVE

Refers to the overland transport of cattle by the cowboy over the three month period. Cattle were sold to settlers and Native Americans.

EXODUSTERS

the African Americans migrating to the Great Plains state (ie: Kansas & Oklahoma) in 1879 to escape conditions in the South

HOMESTEAD ACT

Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.

PUBLIC DOMAIN STATE

Public Domain States are those in which the land was once owned by the Federal government and where the Federal government oversaw the transition of land from public to private. There are a total of thirty such states, mostly in the West and Midwest. Rather than naming them, they are most often designated by listing the states that are not public domain: The original 13, KY, TN, TX, and HI. In these non-public domain states, the State government controlled the disposition of land.

SODDY

a frontier home usually dug into a hill or made from sod

MORRILL ACT

Allows for creation of land-grant colleges, colleges built on federally granted land specially appropriated for this purpose. It was signed into law by Lincoln

OLIVER HUDSON KELLY

organized the Grange

GRANGE

an association formed by farmers in the last 1800s to make life better for farmers by sharing information about crops, prices, and supplies

FARMER'S ALLIANCE

A Farmers' organization founded in late 1870s; worked for lower railroad freight rates, lower interest rates, and a change in the governments tight money policy

POPULISM

Farm-based movement of the late 1800s that arose mainly in the area from Texas to the Dakotas and grew into a joint effort between farmer and labor groups against big business and machine-based politics. The movement became a third party in the election of 1892.

PULLMAN

George Pullman created railway cars and wanted to make a business out of it; he laid off workers and cut wages 25%; workers tried to protest and he fired 3 of the workers

BIMETALISM

Use of two metals, gold and silver, for currency as America did with the Bland-Allison Act and the Sherman Silver Purchase Act. Ended in 1900 with the enactment of the Gold Standard Act.

GOLD STANDARD

a monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is defined by a stated quantity of gold; Used by the U.S. until FDR removed it in 1933

WILLIAM MCKINLEY

25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist

WILLIAMS JENNINGS BRYAN

"The Great Commoner.": he was defeated by William McKinley but retained control of the Democrat Willic Party.supporter of Prohibition in the 1920s, and energetically attacked Darwinism and evolution, most famously at the Scopes Trial

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