character, setting, plot, theme
protagonist & anagonist
The main or principal character in a story -- often the "good guy"
The opposition against which the protagonist must contend -- usually the "bad guy"
time & place
mood & atmosphere
exposition, turning point/climax, resolution, be able to draw and label a plot diagram
the main idea and meaning of a story
The author tells readers about a character directly. What the character IS LIKE (PERSONALITY), or what the character LOOKS LIKE (APPEARANCE).
Lets readers draw their own conclusions from clues in the story, such as a character's tone of voice or behavior.
Ways the author shows INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION
1. Giving the actual speech of the character (DIALOGUE)
2. Revealing what the character is thinking or feeling (THOUGHTS & FEELINGS)
3. Telling about the character's actions (ACTIONS)
4. Telling how other people respond to the character (OTHER PEOPLE'S REACTIONS)
FOUR TYPES OF CONFLICT
Human vs. Human
Human vs. Self
Human vs. Society
Human vs. Nature
HUMAN VS. HUMAN
Conflicts between two or more people.
HUMAN VS. SELF
An inner conflict one feels with oneself.
HUMAN VS. SOCIETY
One man (person) against the masses.
HUMAN VS. NATURE
Man (person) against the forces of nature -- storms, wilderness, the sea, etc.