Where does digestion start?
The type of digestion when teeth break down food
The type of digestion when saliva breaks down food with enzymes
Food does not pass through these organs
moistens and lubricates food, contains amylase (breaks down starch)
regulates blood sugar levels and enzymes that are secreted into the small intestine
produces bile (emulsifies or dissolves fat)
these people must stay away from sugar and carbohydrates
breaks down fats and proteins
Breaking down macromolecules into smaller food molecules (starch -> monosaccharides)
Starch is a ___________.
enzyme that breaks down starch
Flap of tissue that covers the trachea when swallowing
chewed up clump of food that is swallowed
musclular contractions of the esophagus that push food along
Where does the digestion of proteins start?
breaks the hydrogen holding the protein structures
hydrolyzes the long polypeptide bonds into dipeptides
increase surface area
A way that enzyme work to speed up chemical reactions is to __________ ____ ________ ________.
Where digestion of starch and proteins finished; start and finish of Lipids
Produced by liver and gall badder and emulsifies and dissolves fats like a detergent
Absorbs digested food into the blood stream; lines walls of small intestine; fingerlike
The friendly bacteria living in the large intestines produce ___________.
the semifluid mass of partly digested food expelled by the stomach into the duodenum (first part of small intestine)