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Gluteus Maximus (blood)

superior/inferior gluteal arteries

Gluteus Medius (blood)

superior gluteal artery

Gluteus Minimus (blood)

superior gluteal artery

Tensor Fascia Lata (blood)

superior gluteal artery

Quadratus Lumborum/femoris (blood)

superior and inferior gluteal arteries

Semimembranosus (blood)

femoral profunda artery

Semitendinosus (blood)

femoral profunda

Biceps Femoris (blood)

femoral profunda

Sartorius (blood)

femoral artery

Vastus Lateralis (blood)

femoral artery

Vastus Medialis (blood)

femoral artery

Vastus Intermedius (blood)

femoral artery

Rectus Femoris (blood)

femoral artery

Adductor Magnus (blood)

femoral profunda

Adductor Longus (blood)

femoral profunda

Adductor Brevis (blood)

femoral profunda

Pectineus (blood)

femoral profunda

Gracilis (blood)

femoral profunda

Gluteus Maximus (nerve)

inferior gluteal nerve (L5, S1, S2)

Gluteus Minimus (nerve)

superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

Gluteus Medius (nerve)

superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

Tensor Fascia Lata (nerve)

superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

Piriformis (nerve)

anterior rami of first and second sacral nerves

Quadratus Lumborum/Femoris (nerve)

branch from sacral plexus (L5, S1)

Semimembranosus (nerve)

tibial portion of sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

Semitendinosus (nerve)

tibial portion of sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

Biceps Femoris (nerve)

long head: tibial portion of sciatic nerve (S1, S2, S3)
short head: common peroneal part of sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)

Sartorius (nerve)

femoral nerve (L2, L3)

Vastus Lateralis (nerve)

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Vastus Medialis (nerve)

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Vastus Intermedius (nerve)

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Rectus Femoris (nerve)

femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Adductor Magnus (nerve)

obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4) & sciatic nerve

Adductor Longus (nerve)

obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Adductor Brevis (nerve)

obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Pectineus (nerve)

femoral nerve (L2, L3)

Gracilis (nerve)

obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4)

Piriformis (blood)

branches of internal iliac artery

Gluteus Maximus (origin) (4)

outer surface of ilium behind posterior gluteal line, adjacent posterior surface of sacrum and coccyx, sacrotuberous ligament,
aponeurosis of erector spinae (sacrospinalis)

Gluteus Minimus (origin)

outer surface of ilium between middle (anterior) and inferior gluteal lines

Gluteus Medius (origin)

outer surface of ilium inferior to iliac crest

Tensor Fascia Lata (origin)

outer edge of iliac crest between anterior superior iliac spine and iliac tubercle

Piriformis (origin)

internal surface of sacrum, sacrotuberous ligament

Quadratus Femoris (origin)

lateral border of ischial tuberosity

Semimembranosus (origin)

ischial tuberosity

Semitendinosus (origin)

ischial tuberosity

Biceps Femoris (origin)

long head: ischial tuberosity, sacrotuberous ligament
short head: linea aspera, lateral supracondylar ridge, lateral intermuscular septum

Gluteus Maximus (insertion)

iliotibial tract of fascia lata, gluteal tuberosity of femur

Gluteus Minimus (insertion)

anterior surface of greater trochanter

Gluteus Medius (insertion)

lateral surface of greater trochanter

Tensor Fascia Lata (insertion)

iliotibial tract on upper part of thigh

Piriformis (insertion)

upper border of greater trochanter

Quadratus Femoris (insertion)

below intertrochanteric crest (quadrate line)

Semimembranosus (insertion)

posterior part of medial condyle of tibia

Semitendinosus (insertion)

medial surface of shaft of tibia

Biceps femoris (insertion)

lateral side of head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia

Sartorius (origin)

anterior superior iliac spine and area immediately below it

Sartorius (insertion)

upper part of medial surface of shaft of tibia

Vastus Lateralis (origin)

intertrochanteric line,
inferior border of greater trochanter,
gluteal tuberosity,
lateral lip of linea aspera of femur

Vastus Lateralis (insertion)

lateral margin of patella, then by patellar ligament to tuberosity of tibia

Vastus Medialis (origin)

intertrochanteric line
medial lip of linea aspera of femur
medial intermuscular septum of adductor magnus and adductor longus
medial supracondylar ridge

Vastus Medialis (insertion)

medial border of patella, then by patellar ligament into tibial tuberosity, medial condyle of tibia

Vastus Intermedius (origin)

anterior and lateral surfaces of upper two-thirds of femur,
lateral intermuscular septum,
linea aspera,
lateral supracondylar ridge

Vastus Intermedius (insertion)

deep aspect of quadriceps tendon, then through patella to tibial tuberosity

Rectus Femoris (origin)

anterior head: anterior inferior iliac spine

posterior head: ilium above acetabulum

Rectus Femoris (insertion)

patella, then by patellar ligament to tuberosity of tibia

Adductor Magnus (origin)

inferior ramus of pubis, ramus and lower part of tuberosity of ischium

Adductor Magnus (insertion)

linea aspera, adductor tubercle of femur

Adductor Longus (origin)

anterior of body of pubis

Adductor Longus (insertion)

medial lip of linea aspera

Adductor Brevis (origin)

outer surface of inferior ramus of pubis

Adductor Brevis (insertion)

from below lesser trochanter to linea aspera and into proximal part of linea aspera

Pectineus (origin)

pectineal line on superior ramus of pubis

Pectineus (insertion)

from lesser trochanter to linea aspera of femur

Gracilis (origin)

lower margin of body and inferior ramus of pubis

Gracilis (insertion)

upper part of medial surface of shaft of tibia

Gluteus Maximus (action)

lateral rotation & extension of thigh

Gluteus Minimus (action)

abducts femur & rotates thigh medially

Gluteus Medius (action)

abducts femur & rotates thigh medially

Tensor Fascia Lata (action)

flexes & abducts thigh

Piriformis (action)

lateral rotation

Quadratus Femoris (action)

lateral rotation

Semimembranosus (action)

Extension of Hip, Flexion of Knee, & Medial Rotation of Flexed Knee

Semitendinosus (action)

Extension of Hip, Flexion of Knee, & Medial Rotation of Flexed Knee

Biceps femoris (action)

Short head: Extension of Hip, Flexion of Knee, & Lateral Rotation of Flexed Knee
Long head: Flexion of knee & lateral rotation of flexed knee

Sartorius (action)

flexes, abducts & laterally rotates thigh
flexes and slightly medially rotates leg @ knee joint after flexion

Vastus Lateralis (action)

extends leg

Vastus Medialis (action)

extends leg, draws patella medially

Vastus Intermedius (action)

extends leg

Rectus Femoris (action)

extends leg at knee joint, flexes thigh

Adductor Magnus (action)

Adduction, Extension & Lateral Rotation of Thigh

Adductor Longus (action)

adducts, flexes thigh, assists in medial rotation

Adductor Brevis (action)

adducts thigh, assists in flexion, medial rotation

Pectineus (action)

flexes thigh, assists in adduction when the hip is flexed

Gracilis (action)

adducts thigh at hip joint and flexes leg, with leg flexed assists in medial rotation

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