This occurs when the outcome of something is the opposite of what is expected.
When the reader/audience knows more about a situation than the characters involved; the reader /audience knows the 'big picture' while the characters only know their point of view.
A humorous scene that occurs after a serious scene to lighten the mood of audience.
A long speech a character says to another character or group of characters.
A long speech a character says alone,directed at the audience, to reveal their thought or advance the plot.
A play on words.
a short comment made to the audience that other actors pretend not to hear.