All states except ________________________ sent delegates
The purpose of the convention was to ________ the AOC by making the national government stronger.
__________________ wanted nothing to do with a stronger national government
3 things about the delegates
-most in their 30s and 40s
What did Patrick Henry say when he was selected for the national government?
"I smell a rat."
What 3 people didn't attend the convention
____________________ was in bad health and very old so he attended rarely
______________________ was unanimously chosen to preside
________________ from ___________ arrived with a draft of a completely new framework for the government
_____________ was referred to as the "Father of the Constitution"
Delegates agreed from the beginning to keep everything ___________
To keep secrecy what did they do?
they sat everyday in a room with closed windows and with guards posted at every door.
What made the convention even more difficult?
The heat was incredibly high making it hard to focus.
Delegates wanted to be able to change their minds so they would ___________ as many times as needed
Delegates soon realize the AOC could not be ___
The Virginia plan was _______________ but presented by _________________.
Name the three branches
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
What does each branch do?
Legislative makes the laws. Executive carries them out, and judicial decides if the laws are constitutional
The Virginia Plan called for a ___-house legislature; number of members would be determined by populations—________ states would have more representation (votes)
__________ states would have very little power
States such as ________________, _________________, and________________ asked why states with about 60,000 people should have the same power as states with 700,000 people
Virginia plan said that if two states could not settle a dispute the ____________________ would settle it
The Virginia plan suggested that the _________ not the __________ should chose president and national judges
________________ from New Jersey presented the small states plan
According to the New Jersey plan each state would have ____ vote no matter the size of population
Congress would be made up of ___ houses
________ house, called the Senate, would be chosen by state
legislatures; each state, large or small, would have ___ senators
_________ house, called the House of Representatives, would be chosen directly by the people; number of representatives for each state would be based on ____________
________________ passed by a very close vote
The Great Compromise
The _________ did want the slaves to count as people for their population, but the _________ did not they compromised by making slaves be ______ of a person
The constitution was completed after _ months
The final copy of the constitution was signed on __________________________
What 3 people refused to sign the constitution?
George Mason—against the Constitution till his death Edmund Randolph—eventually supported it
Elbridge Gerry—from Massachusetts
At least _ of the __ states had to ratify the new constitution for it to become law
No one was completely _________ with the final product but most believed it was a big improvement
Major sources for the constitution included the _______________ and__________________
They also took from 2 important people, _____________________ and ___________________
John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu
Locke's ideas were presented in ______________ on Government; he believed all people had natural rights to _____, ____________, and ___________
life, liberty, and property;
From Montesquieu they took _________________________ separation of powers; believed a government's power should be shared among three branches _______________________
The Spirit of Laws
legislative, executive, and judicial