Homewood Rush gov Executive branch

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natural born citizen

citizenship requirement for President

35 years

age requirement for President

lived in U.S. for 14 years

residency requirement for President

Speaker of House

follows President and V.P. in order of succession

President pro tempore of Senate

follows Speaker of House in order of succession

Chief Legislator

role being filled when President's aides work to bring about compromis on a bill

Chief Diplomat

role being filled when the President works to keep Pakistan from attaching India

Chief of State

role being filled when the President recieves the King or Queen of a foreign nation

Chief of Party

role being filled when the President or First Lady hit the campaign trail to speak for candidates in their party running for office

Chief Citizen

role being filled when the President calls the parents of American teenagers killed in a suicide bombing

Commander in Chief

role being filled when the President orders an airstrike on a group of insurgents attacking civilians

Chief Legislator

role being filled when the President vetoes a bill

Chief Executive

role being filled when the President appoints the head of an independent agency in the executive branch

Commander in Chief

role being filled when the President decides to withdraw troops from the War in Iraq

Chief Executive

role being filled when the President asks for the resignation of a cabinet member based on inappropriate comments made to the press

$400,000

President's current salary

Secretary of State

follows President pro tempore in line of succession to the Presidency

Vice President

presides over the Senate

25th amendment

which amendment gives the V.P. and the cabinet the power to remove a president involuntarily from performing his duties

10

maximum number of years a President may serve

22

amendment which set maximum number of years a President may serve

12

amendment which repaired a flaw in th electoral college

270

number of votes needed to win in the electoral college

22

amendment added because of Franklin Roosevelt

25

provided a formal addition to the Constitution establishing the order of succession to the Presidency in an emergency

12

amendment that called for a presidential ticket

25

provides a mechanism for a President to voluntarily resign his duties on a temporary basis

announcement of candidacy

this occurs first in a presidential election

primaries and caucuses

mechanism for nominating candidates for each party in a presidential election

national convention

in a presidential election, candidate is nominated here

general election

occurs on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November

November

in what month are presidential elections held

4 years

how often are presidential elections held

Jan-June

when are primaries and caucuses held

August -September

when are national conventions held

Presidential preference primaries

characterized by voter turnout

party platform adopted

occurs at beginning of a party's national convention

popular vote

a flaw in the electoral college is that vote may conflict with this

winner take all

whoever wins popular vote in a state gets all the state's electoral votes

electors

2nd flaw in electoral college - these may change their mind when they actually cast their ballots

House of Representatives

major flaw in electoral college is that this body may have to choose President

Senate

chooses V.P. if electors unable to do so

one

number of votes each state gets if election goes to House of Respresenatives

three

minimum number of votes each states has in electoral college

electors

who you actually vote for on election day in a presidential election

23

gave 3 electoral votes to Washington, D.C.

Jan 6

date Congress actually counts electoral votes and announces a winner

direct popular election

least favorable plan for reforming electoral college for small states

National Bonus Plan

awards a bonus pool of electors to winner of popular vote

Congressional districts

award electors by these in District Plan

Civil Service System

designed to prevent spoils system

Defense

department housed at Pentagon

Homeland Security

newest cabinet department

Interior

responsible for public lands

Justice

responsible for prosecuting federal crimes

State

responsible for embassies in other countries

Housing and Urban Development

responsible for urban renewal projects and low cost housing for the poor

Commerce

regulates trade

Labor

protects your right to join a union

Veteran's Affairs

responsible for VA hospitals, VA benefits

Agriculture

sets standards for food sold in U.S.

reprieve

President's power to postpone a sentence

pardon

legal forgiveness for a crime

commutation

reducing the length of sentence for a crime

amnesty

general pardon granted to a group of people

executive agreement

avoids the need for Senate approval in negotiations with other countries

independent regulatory commissions

National Labor Relations Board, Federal Reserve Board of Governors, Consumer Product Safety Commission

independent executive agencies

most like cabinet departments of all the independent agencies

Federal Trade Commission

regulates unfair advertising

Federal Communications Commission

regulates broadcasts over the airwaves

Environmental Protection Agency

regulates pollution added to the environment

preside in Senate

one formal duty of VP

president primary

may be used to select delegates to convention or indicate choice of party nominee

treaty

needs Senate approval to implement

executive agreement

does not need Senate approval but is negotiated directly by the President

President

appoints Cabinet members

Senate

must approve appointment of Cabinet members

10

maximum number of years a President may serve in office

25th amendment

says VP becomes President if President is disabled

Speaker of the House

Who follows the VP in the line of presidential succession?

Preside in Senate

formal duty of the VP according to the Constitution

3

least number of presidential electors a state may have

flaw in electoral college

winner of popular vote may not win the presidency

President

appoints Cabinet members

Senate

approves Cabinet members appointed by President

executive agreement

negotiated by President but does not require Senate approval

no national judiciary

weakness in Articles of Confederation

federal court

who has jurisdiction if a citizen on one state sues a citizen of another state

federal judges

appointed by President, confirmed by Senate

Supreme Court

has both original and appellate jurisdiction

none set

length of term of office for federal judge

high court

nickname for Supreme Court because it is last court in which federal cases may be heard

Bill of Rights

originally only applied to federal government - not state and local

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