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APES- Mr Fadel 2013-2014

The world population is currently about

a. 0.5 billion
b. 2 billion
c. 10 billion
d. 1 billion
e. 7 billion

E

Root causes of environmental problems include

a. using nonrenewable resources sensibly.
b. even distribution of wealth
c. rapid population growth.
d. increasingly sustainable use of resources.
e. prices reflecting environmental costs.

C

Which of the following are non-controversial yet effective methods of decreasing the birth rate?.
a. Increase the age of first childbearing
b. Increase education level of women
c. Mandated Male Serialization after 1 child.
d. Increase spacing between children

B

In the demographic transition model, death rates fall while birth rates remain high during

a. the industrial stage.
b. the transitional stage
c. the postindustrial stage
d. the preindustrial stage

B

A J-shaped curve is characteristic of

a. A population that has overshot its carrying capacity
b. Exponential growth
c. Zero population growth
d. Logistic growth

B

What is the doubling time of a population with a annual growth rate of 2.5%

a. 2.8 years
b. 175 years.
c. 28 years.
d. 70 years.

C

Industrialized nations

a. have achieved lowering the birth and death rates
b. have the greatest population growth.
c. use the least amount of energy per-capita.
d. have the greatest birth and lowest death rates.

A

To reduce world population, we must first achieve a lower ________

a. Replacement-level fertility rate
b. Total fertility rate
c. Death rate
d. Immigration rate

B

Carrying Capacity refers to

a. Reproductive Rate
b. the maximum size of a population the environment will support
c. interaction of natality and mortality
d. the intrinsic rate of increase
e. the proportion of males and females

B

If a nation has a Growth Rate of 0.8%, what is its' approximate doubling time? (use dt = 70/r)

a. Cannot be calculated with this information.
b. 56 years.
c. 88 years.
d. 11 years.

C

True or false? China has achieved a dramatic reduction in its total fertility rate by providing incentives for couples to have no more than one child.

True
False

True

Which of the following species is a K-selected species?

a. Blue whale
b. Dandelion
c. Cockroach
d. Mouse

A

Fadelandia is a newly formed volcanic island of 5000 square miles that is now part of the Hawaiian Islands. In the year 2011, there were currently 350,000 inhabitants of the island. Last year, there were 15,000 new children born (all cute and very smart) and 5,000 people were recorded as deceased (mostly drunkards and hooligans).



What is the population growth rate (r) if no migration occurs?

a. .0138
b. 2.857%
c. 14 people/100
d. 1.428%

B

In looking at a population of field mice, you notice that in the past 2 years there has been a large increase in the number of mice that are surviving past age 5. What is happening to their survivorship curve?
a. It is shifting to a Type I curve
b. It is shifting to a Type III curve
c. It is shifting to a Type II curve
d. there is no change in survivorship curve

A

According to the Nova video's we viewed, as affluence of a country increases...what occurs in the long term?

a. Pollution tends to decrease
b. The people's need for things goes down
c. Pollution levels continue to rise
d. Technology decreases

A

What two things must happen to achieve sustainability in world populations?

a. decrease in developed countries and increase in developing countries
b. decrease in medical care and an increase in genetic engineering
c. none of the answer choices
d. decrease in population growth rates and decrease in consumption rates
e. decrease in total human population and increase in natural resources

D

The overall environmental impact of a child growing up to adulthood in the US is about the same as the overall environmental impact of a child growing up in a developing nation.

True
False

False

Which of the following factors leads to an increase in biotic potential?
a. too much or too little light
b. low reproductive rate
c. optimal level of critical nutrients
d. too many competitors

C

As countries become more industrialized, first their ________ rates decline and then their ________ rates decline.

a. Birth, death
b. Immigration, death
c. Birth, immigration
d. Death, birth

D

Average total fertility rates are highest in

a. Europe
b. Asia
c. Africa
d. Latin America

C

In general, the shorter the doubling time, the less industrially developed the nation.

True
False

True

Human populations grow or decline through the interplay of births, deaths, and ________.

a. Illness
b. Family planning
c. Level of economic development
d. Migration

D

Population change in a particular year can be calculated by

a. (deaths + immigration) - (births + emigration)
b. (births + immigration) - (deaths + emigration)
c. (deaths +emigration) - (births + immigration)
d. (births +emigration) - (deaths + immigration)
e. (births + deaths ) - (immigration + emigration)

B

If age structure diagrams were drawn for the following countries, which would have the broadest base?

a. United States
b. Mexico
c. Canada
d. Japan

B

According to the Nova video's we viewed, as affluence of a country increases...what occurs in the short term?

a. Pollution increases
b. Per Capita wealth rises
c. Pollution decreases
d. People want less things

A

Carrying capacity is not a fixed quantity, but rather a variable determined by many factors.

True
False

True

It has recently been estimated that growth in world population has slowed in the past decade. Despite this trend, environmentalists remain concerned about the environmental impact of world population, principally because:
a. Life expectancey is still decreasing in Africa due to AIDS
b. Fertility is falling due to exposure to endocrine disruptors released into the environment
c. The standard of living is poor in many developing countries, leading to a great deal of deprivation and suffering
d. People are living longer in developed nations, putting a strain on the economies of those countries
e. The standard of living is increasing in many developing countries, leading to an increased per capita use of natural resources

E

The average total fertility rate in developing countries is ________ in developed countries.



a. Twice that
b. One tenth that
c. Approximately equal to
d. Half that

A

Fadelandia is a newly formed volcanic island of 5000 square miles that is now part of the Hawaiian Islands. In the year 2011, there were currently 350,000 inhabitants of the island. Last year, there were 15,000 new children born (all cute and very smart) and 5,000 people were recorded as deceased (mostly drunkards and hooligans).

How many years will it take the population of Fadelandia to double?

a. 24.5
b. 2,450
c. 153
d. 49

A

Demographers usually measure mortality rate in terms of

a. deaths per 1000 persons per year
b. the total number of deaths per generation
c. deaths per person per year
d. the number of children who die per year

A

Which of the following species are most likely to experience J curve population change?

a. mice in a balanced ecosystem
b. rabbits in an environment where there are multiple predators
c. rabbits in an environment where there are multiple predators AND mice in a balanced ecosystem
d. rabbits in an environment lacking predators

D

Density - dependent population controls include all of the following except:

a. competition for space/shelter
b. human destruction of habitat
c. competition for resources
d. disease

B

With ________ the growth rate decreases as the population gets larger.

a. Dynamic growth
b. Exponential growth
c. Logistic growth
d. Zero population growth

C

You are visiting a developing country. Compared to a developed country, you would expect to find a

a. higher percentage of the population under age 15.
b. higher average life expectancy.
c. higher percentage of the population over 60.
d. higher percentage of the population with safe drinking water.

A

Fadelandia is a newly formed volcanic island of 5000 square miles that is now part of the Hawaiian Islands. In the year 2011, there were currently 350,000 inhabitants of the island. Last year, there were 15,000 new children born (all cute and very smart) and 5,000 people were recorded as deceased (mostly drunkards and hooligans).



What was the population density as of Jan. 2013?

a. 72 people/mi2
b. 69 people/mi2
c. 70 people/mi2
d. 71 people/mi2

A

In 1995, the population of a small island in Malaysia was 40,000. The birth rate was measured at 35 per 1000 population per year; the death rate was measured at 10 per 1000 per year. Immigration was measured at 100 per year while emigration was measured at 50 per year. How many people would be on the island in 1996?

a. 44,500
b. 42,150
c. 39,100
d. 41,050
e. 40,000

D

Which of the following is an r-selected species?

a. Black bear
b. Red-tailed hawk
c. Ragweed
d. Redwood tree

C

The world's most populous country is

a. Bangladesh
b. India
c. China
d. Nigeria

C

A sigmoidal (S) curve:

a. shows exponential growth then leveling out at or below the carrying capacity for a period of time, then another period of exponential growth.
b. shows exponential growth past the carrying capacity followed by a population crash.
c. shows a slowly decreasing rate of population growth.
d. shows exponential growth for the entire period of time covered by the curve.
e. shows exponential growth followed by leveling out at or below the carrying capacity.

E

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