"an imitation of an action of high importance, complete and of some amplitude; in language enhanced by distinct and varying beauties; by means of pity and fear effecting it purgation of these emotions (catharsis)."
"A man who is not eminently good or just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or fraility." He must be "highly renowned."
Hero's single flaw that leads to his downfall
Extreme pride (a typical tragic flaw)
Reversal of fortune
The hero sees/understands what has eluded him; an "ah-ha!" moment; an epiphany
Literally "fear and pity," it is the purgation of emotion or purification felt by the audience