the process by which activities are started, directed, and cntinued so that physical or pscychological needs or wants are met.
the biologically determined and innate patterns of behovior that exist in both people and animals
a requirement of some material (such as food or water) that is essential for survival of the organism.
a psychological tension and physical arousal arising when there is a need that motivates the organism to act in order to fulfill the need and reduce the tension.
approach to motivation that assumes behavior arises from physiological needs that cause internal drives to push the organism to satisfy the need and rduce tension and arousal.
those drives that involve needs of the body such as hungerand thirst.
accquired (secondary) drives
those drives that are learned through experience orconditioning, such as the need for money or social approval.
the tendency of body to maintain a steady state.
theory of motivation in which people are said to have an optimal (best or ideal ) level of tension that they seek to maintain by increasing or decreasing stimulation.
theories of motivation in which behavior is explanined as a response to the external stimulus and its rewarding properties.
the three parts of emotions
physiology of emotion