behavior of citizens and policymakers and political agenda are increasingly shaped by technology
TV, radio, newspapers, magazines, and internet
staged events that look spontaneous, can be staged by individuals, groups, and government officials, especially presidents.
meetings of public officials and reporters
in-depth reporting to dig up scandals, scams, and schemes, putting reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders
newspapers & magazines
TV, radio, & Internet
media programming on cable TV or Internet that is focused on one topic and aimed at a specific audience (for example: MTV, Animal Planet, ect.)
newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for over 4/5 of nation's daily newspaper circulation
specific location where news frequently emanates from, such as Congress or the White House-top reporters work on a beat therefore becoming specialists on the location
an intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political response
short video clips about 10 seconds. They are all that is shown from a politician's speech on the nightly news.
a shot of a person's head talking straight to the camera. They are visually unappealing so they are rarely shown for a long time
the issues that attract serious attention of public officials and other people involved in politics (health care, education, unemployment, welfare reform)
people who invest their political "capital" in an issue