a group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land
a moment in history that marks a decisive change
to sail completely around the world
the global exchange of goods and ideas resulting from the encounter between the peoples of the Eastern and Western hemispheres
towns in New Spain
forts where soldiers lived in New Spain
religious settlements run by Catholic priests and friars
top social class of New Spain, people who were born in Spain and held the highest jobs in government and the Church.
below the Peninsulares, they were people who were born in New Spain to Spanish parents
below the creoles, they were people who were of mixed Spanish and Indian background in New Spain
land grants that included the right to demand labor or taxes from Native Americans
large estate farmed by many workers
waterway through or around North America; European nations sent explorers in search of this passage to find a direct water route to Asia, this led to more European nations making use of North American resources
movement to reform the Catholic Church in the 1500s; led to the creation of many different Christian Churches, these religious differences increased rivalries between nations
coureurs de bois
French colonists who lived and worked in the woods
an agreement between nations to aid and protect one another
a legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
representatives to the government
House of Burgesses
representative assembly in colonial Virginia; it began a tradition of representative government in the English colonies
government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
signed in 1215, a British document that contained two basic ideas: monarchs themselves have to obey the laws, and citizens have basic rights
representative assembly in England
in the 1600s, English settlers who sought religious freedom in the Americas; settled the colony of Plymoth in Massachusetts. After struggling to survive their first winter they were helped by Native Americans to better learn how to fish and farm.
the chosen religion of a state; most rulers during the 1500s supported this practice.
the mistreatement or punishment of certain people because of their beliefs, like not following the established church of a state
a 1620 agreement written by the Pilgrims to govern their colony by establishing laws for the general good
example for others to follow in the future
looking for a route to Asia and found the Americas, he did NOT discover America, but his voyage did have a lasting impact! His voyages led to trade between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
Indian empire conquered by the Spanish, many of them died from European diseases
an area of settlements in North and South America that we conquered by conquistadors.
edge of New Spain that stretched form present day Florida to present day California, explorers met a stron Indian resistance here
Engligh colony in Virginia; located in a swampy area, the colonists suffered from disease spread by mosquitoes, conflicts with Native Americans and starvation.
Bartolome de Las Casas
attempted to help Native Americans by asking the King of Spain to enact laws prohibiting their enslavement
Indian empire that eventually lost control of their government to the Spanish because of fighting among themselves
Wampanoag Indian who helped the Pilgrims to grow native crops