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glottiscope

a tongue retractor and a mirror

laryngeal mirror

a small, round dental mirror that is place at the back of the oral civity to look down an individuals vocal folds

voice

the complex, dynamic product of vocal fold vibration that allows us to vocalize and produce voice

frequency

the rate of vocal fold vibration expressed as cycles per second or hertz

resonance

the actual vibration of the air within the pharyngeal column, which impacts the quality of voice

pitch

the psychological or perceptual equivalent of frequency

intensity

the physical measurement of sound pressure- reported in dB

loudness

1-the amount of airflow- 2 the amount of resistance to the airflow by the vocal folds

spasmodic dysphonia

broken and breath quality

dysphonia

A voice disorder-umbrella term

aphonia

loss of voice

hypofunction

vocal folds with inadequate tension,

vocal abuse

chronic or intermittent overuse or misuse of vocal appratus

neurogenic voice disorder

neurological problem causes voice disorder...ex: parkinsons

contact ulcers

voice disorder caused when excessive forces or acid reflux creates sores on the vocal tissue or cartilages

vagus nerve

What CN is associated with the sensory innervation of • Laryngopharynx?

adduction paralysis

when the vocal fold is paralyzed in an abducted position

laryngeal dystonia

dystonia-abnormal function- of vocal cords, causes hyperadduction during speech

articulation

movement of the speech mechanism (articulators: mandible, lips, tongue, and soft palate) to produce the sounds of speech;

frequency of vf for women

180-220

freq of vf for men

120-140

glottal fry

"Creaky" voice register. Lower limit of pitch range (30-80Hz), minimal airflow and minimal amount of pressure. Folds are closed for 90% of cycle.

contact ulcers

voice disorder caused when excessive forces or acid reflux creates sores on the vocal tissue or cartilages

laryngeal dystonia

dystonia of vocal cords, causes hyperadduction during speech-vocal tremors, movement patterns of the laryngeal muscles are common

laryngectomee

concer, tobacco use, alcohol, nutritional,

Velopharyngeal inadquacy

imperfect closure of the port0because of iatrogenic problems from surgery, allergies, neuromuscular impairment, cleft palate,

Phonotory quality-

hard glottal attack, glottal fry, breathy phonation, spasticity, horseness,

Spasticity

abnormally tensed muscle tone

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