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acute

having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course

advance directives

A legal document designed to indicate a person's wishes regarding care in case of a terminal illness or during the dying process

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;, a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles

alcoholism

an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess

anemia

a deficiency of red blood cells

angina

pain in the heart region caused by lack of oxygen

anxiety

An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response as the body's reaction to it.

aphasia

inability to communicate

arthritis

inflammation of a joint or joints

artherosclerosis

hardening of the arteries, arteries become clogged, and restricts blood flow which increases blood pressure

benign

not dangerous to health

bonding

forming strong emotional ties between individuals

cataracts

eye disease in which the lens becomes covered in an opaque film that affects sight, eventually causing total blindness.

cerebral palsy

a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth

chronic

being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering

client rights

a document listing the rights and expectations provided for a resident recieving care in his or her home;must be signed by the client

congestive heart failure

inability of the heart to pump its required amount of blood

conservator

someone appointed by a court to assume responsibility for the interests of a minor or incompetent person

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic bronchitis - bronchiole lining inflamed, excess mucus formed; emphysema - walls of alveoli break down; HYPOXIC DRIVE (not in asthma)

culture

the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization

cystic fibrosis

inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally

defense mechanism

unconscious acts that help a person deal with an unpleasant situation or socially unacceptable behavior

deficit

A deficiency or lack of something

denial

the act of refusing to comply (as with a request)

developmental stages

period of life initiated by significant transistions or changes in physical or psycological functioning

developmental disabilities

conditions due to abnormalities at birth, trauma, or disease that interrupt the sequence and rate of normal growth, development, and maturation

drug abuse

intentional misuse of any drug for nonmedical purposes

durable power of attorney

(DPOA), person has been named as an agent to handle the individual's affairs if the patient becomes incapacitated

environment

all of the surrounding things, conditions, and influences affecting the growth or development of living things.

Erikson's stages

eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. In each stage the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges. Each stage builds on the successful completion of earlier stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future.

extended family

closely related people of several generations such as brother, sisters, parents, uncles, aunts, grandparents and great grandparents

fetal alcohol syndrome

physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

hospice

a program of medical and emotional care for the terminally ill

ischemia

insufficient blood flow to an area

malignant

cancerous

metastasis

spread of cancer cells beyond their original site in the body

multiple sclerosis

a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers

paranoia

a serious mental disorder characterized by unreasonable suspicion or jealousy, along with a tendency to interpret everything others do as hostile

paraplegia

paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)

phobia

an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations

pneumonia

inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, or resulting from aspiration of chemicals

premature

uncommonly early or before the expected time

puberty

the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing

quadriplegia

paralysis of both arms and both legs

remission

a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate

self-esteem

a realistic respect for or favorable impression of oneself

spasticity

A condition of increased muscular tone causing stiff and awkward movements

stroke (CVA)

the shutting off of the blood flow to the brain by plaques, a clot, or hemorrhage

terminal

causing or ending in or approaching death

withdrawal

individuals can either cease to communicate or remove themselves physically from a situation

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