1884. He conducted the first mechanical scanning experiment.
A Brit, the first to actually transmit a mechanical image (1926). Started a TV service in England in 1932
The GE radio engineer (remember). Also ran Experiments with mechanical scanning wheels in the 1920s
Developed the oscilloscope or cathode ray tube. It was a receiver or, basically, a monitor or "TV set.
Developed an electronic scanning wheel (an "image dissector") to transmit still pictures & bits of film for a high school project. He applied for a patent, but found himself against - RCA. However..........
It took 12 years, but he eventually got royalties from RCA!
Headed up RCA TV research lab. Patented an electronic pick-up tube called an ICONOSCOPE
Merged Tv's research programs...
Sarnoff got RCA, GE, and westinghouse to merge tv's research programs at the RCA lab in Camden, New Jersey.
Problems solved by research program merger..
increased lines of scanning and brightness
Felix the Cat
the first tv model that was scanned in 60 lines using the first system. He was transmitted from New York to Kansas in 1929.
RCA was transmitting experimental broadcasts from the Empire State Building
Sarnoff (president of RCA) announces an investment of millions of dollars to develop TV.
NY World's Fair
presented in 1939 on tv publicly on a 5'' screen
begins in 1939
TV as a commercial broadcast service
authorized by the FCC in 1941, only 13 channels available, and 23 stations initially granted licenses
First tv commercial..
sold for $9.00, Bulova watches, 20 seconds long
CBS was experimenting in the 30's with...
Color TV, but the system wasn't compatible with RCA's system. Still in 1950 FCC supports the CBS system.
NTSC(National television standards committee
formed in 1941 to recommend standards. They reject 441-line system and adopt 525-line system, which we still have today.
When WWII starts...
only 6 stations remain on air.
in 1946 it outlines public service responsibilities of broadcasters
Tv was developed
simultaneously by the Japanese, Russians, Germans, French, Brits, and the US
provided regular service in 1936 but suspended service during WWII as Germans could zero in on their transmitters
Also in 1936..
Russians televised programs to 11 public viewing rooms
After WWII in 1948
tv emerges as a mass medium. Stations, sets, and audiences grew 4000% in that year
FCC imposes a license freeze due to an interference a problem
During Sept. 1948
108 stations remained on-air enjoying a monopoly
The freeze is lifted..
in june of 1952 with the FCC's historic Sixth Report & Order.
Sixth Report and Order
82 channels now available, 70 new UHF channels added to the 12 VHF already sanctioned.
had advantages got first network affiliations/best programming
had to rely on syndicated programming
Programming supplied by..
the networks NBC, CBS, ABC, and Dumont
wrestling and roller skating
CBS talent raids...
NBC and broadcasts first experimental color program in 1951
began the golden age. all programs are live. except for the most innovative.
first show to be filmed
I love lucy
Tuesday nights belong to..
Milton Berle on NBC, Dumont hires Bishop Fulton J. Sheen to counter-program. It flops.
Kraft television theatre and studio one, introduced unknowns like paul newman and jack palance
Texaco Star Theatre
programs like this featured slapstick vaudeville routines, thus ensuring a mass audience who would all buy tvs, thus lowing the price of tvs so they will be affordable to all
Wisconsin Senator who used the report (released by the anti-communist newsletter Counterattack) entitled red channels as a basis for his nationwide witch hunt
dozens of celebrities, and journalists, mainly jews and african americans. like Leonard Bernstein, Lena Horne, pete seeger, and orson wells
lawyer who defended many who were blacklisted and accused of being communists
See it now
edward r murrow, produced by fred friendly... First show Milo Radulovich
Military lawyer who took down McCarthy
popularity surpassed news programs like see it now
first quiz show known to be rigged
Charles Van Doren
appeared before a house subcommittee and admitted his role in the rigging of '21.' the whole system of sponsor-controlled production was now ruptured.
result of confession
section 509, an ammendment to the 1934 communications act states it's unlawful to rig a tv quiz show
ABC merged with..
United paramount theaters for financial resons in 1954, then to better their programming they announced a multi million dollar deal with Walt Disney Studios
In 1953 fcc...
reverses itself and takes the NTSC recommendation to implement a color system made by RCA
first regularly scheduled color show (to sell tvs for RCA)
operating since 1946, as a fourth network goes out of business in 1955
first CBS news anchor
John Cameron Swayze
first NBC news anchor
permits UHF broadcasting
video tape introduced, which caused live programing to diminish
top revenue producer
The decade of tv journalism
1960's, also the time of the great debates, vietnam, and student unrest,
also in the 1960's
the civil rights movement, desegregation of school, rosa parks, protest marches, act of 1964 created equal employment opportunity commission EEOC
-JFK, Oswald, Bobby Kennedy, and MLK assassination
All channel receiver law
VHF and UHF
telstar 1: first communications satellite to carry broadcast tv
Tv programming typified...
by violence not soft family hour programming
A vast wasteland
1961, a show with Newton Minow, violent
In response to Minow...
anti-violence shows like andy griffith beverly hillbillies and addams family become popular, movies also become firmly entrenched on tv
tv and rock n roll
elvis, the beatles
surpasses newspapers as the prime information sources
dies in 1964
the 1970's are..
an era of deep social change. Women's movement, gay rights, aim
disappear in 1972
PTAR(prim time access rule)
declares a family hour
speaks out against violence
All in the family
tv show that first started dealing with the taboo subjects like politics ethics and sex, others followed
TV big hit..
other occurences of '70s
watergate and the admistration-media war, 'roots'
in the 1980's caused by audiences turning to cable tv
lifted restrictions on commercial time 1980's
this lead to home shopping channel and infomercials
started Fox in the 80's
approved in 1980 to serve small towns
1980's... rise of...
cable and satellite and multichannel delivery systems
Telecommunications Act of 1996
extended license renewals to 8 years, prompted wave of consolidation
-eliminated 12 station numerical cap for radio
-raised tv coverage area from 25% to 35% of TVHH
FCC approves HDTV standard
the '90's introduced..
reality tv shows or tabloid tv
murdock started, a satellite service out of hong kong to serve japan, korea, taiwan, most of indochina... Digital satellite radio now serves long isolated populations like africa via worldspace
NBC in 1990's
now owned by GE.
CBS in 1990's
now owned by viacom
ABC in 1990's
now owned by Disney
IBOC (in band broadcasting)
right now there are over 2000 internet radio stations web logs and blogs.
current channels of distributions- cable satellite and the internet-will converge into high-speed broadband connection