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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. operational definition
  2. statistical significance
  3. theory
  4. placebo effect
  5. hindsight bias
  1. a experimental results caused by expectations alone; any effect on behavior caused by the administration of an inert substance or condition, which is assumed to be an active agent
  2. b the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it
  3. c an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations
  4. d a statistical statement of how likely it is that an obtained result occurred by chance
  5. e a statement of the procedures used to define research variables

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
  2. An experimental procedure in which both the research participant and the research staff are ignorant about whether the participants have received the treatment or the placebo
  3. the difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution
  4. the middle score in a distribution; half the scores are above it and half are below it
  5. repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances

5 True/False Questions

  1. synapsethe junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron


  2. false consensus effectthe tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors


  3. correlationall the cases in a group, from which samples may be drawn for a study


  4. neurotransmittersa nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system


  5. Psychologyan explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations


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