5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- action potential
- peripheral nervous system
- a the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body
- b a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
- c chemical messengers that traverse the synaptic gaps between neurons. When released by the sending neuron, _____ travel across the synapse and bind to receptor sites on the receiving neuron, thereby influencing whether that neuron will generate a neural impulse.
- d a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon. the ____ is generated by the movement of positively charged atoms in and out of channels in the axon's membrane
- e "morphine within"--natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control and pleasure.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a graphed cluster of dots, each of which represents the values of two variables. The slope of the points suggests the direction of the relationship between the two variables. The amount of scatter suggests the strength of the correlation (little scatter indicates high correlation).
- assigning participants to experimental and control conditions by chance, thus minimizing preexisting differences between those assigned to the different groups
- the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors
- an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
- experimental results caused by expectations alone; any effect on behavior caused by the administration of an inert substance or condition, which is assumed to be an active agent
5 True/False Questions
mode → the arithmetic average of a distribution, obtained by adding the scores and then dividing by the number of scores
case study → the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
biopsychological approach → an integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social cultural levels of analysis
basic research → pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
theory → a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of many neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed of neural impulses as the impulse hops from one node to the next