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Extreme long shot/Establishing shot

taken from far away, show larger setting; est. setting, mood, time of day, etc.

Long shot

A shot taken with the camera at a distance from its subject, generally showing the subject from head to toe.

Medium Shot

In this shot a character is shown from the waist up. This shot is one of the most common shots used in film. This shot is usually used to cature conversations between people. This is the most naturalistic shot used as it is how you and I see one another.

Close-up Shot

In this shot a character is framed from the top of their torso to the top of their head. Often used by film makers to show emotive character reactions and facial expressions.

Extreme Close Up

This shot is framed to show only fragmented parts of a character or person. Often used to build dramatic tension and used in conjunction with quick fast cuts or slow zooms.

Low Angle Shot

Shot at an angle below the subject or object looking up. The use of this angle symbolises or suggests that the subject in frame is powerful or dominant in some way.

High Angle Shot

Shot at an angle above the subject, looking down. The use of this angle symbolises or suggests that the subject or object in frame is powerless or subordinant in some way.

Under Shot

This shot is taken from directly below looking up. Often used to capture the action of feet or cars as they pass directly over the camera.

Over-head Shot (Birds Eye)

This shot is taken from directly overhead. Film makers often use this shot to establish the street scape of a city. The city below will then appear like a map.

Point-of-view Shot

The camera in this shot becomes the eyes of a character or subject. This shot often creates a sinister atmosphere through its vouyerism and the audiences engagement with the vouyeristic moment.

diegetic sound

Sound that would be hear by the characters within the film. Sound that can be seen on the screen.

nondiegetic sound

Sound, such as mood music or a narrator's commentary, represented as coming from a source outside the space of the narrative.

high-key lighting

Light is used to brighten the scene. Very few shadows. Typical of comedies and romance films.

low-key lighting

illumination that creates strong contrast between light and dark areas of the shot, with deep shadows and little fill light. Typical of thrillers and mysteries.

high-contrast lighting

lighting that creates a stark contrast between bright light and heavy shadow. Often used in tragedies and dramas.

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