5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Mt. Suribachi
- Mein Kampf
- Operation Overlord
- Joseph Stalin
- a This is the highest point on Iwo Jima and is where five U.S. marines and one navy medic raised the American flag after Iwo Jima was taken away from the Japanese.
- b Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after Lenin, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
- c the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day
- d The last offensive battle of WWII. U.S. Army in the Pacific had been pursuing an "island-hopping" campaign, moving north from Australia towards Japan. On April 1, 1945, they invaded Okinawa. By the time the fighting ended on June 2, 1945, the U.S. had lost 50,000 men and the Japanese 100,000.
- e 'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession
5 Multiple choice questions
- Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
- second time the United States was on the offensive (the Battle of Guadalcanal had been the first); and the first offensive in the critical central Pacific region; also the first time in the war that the United States faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing
- 7:50-10:00 AM, December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet harbored in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii destroyed 18 U.S. ships and 200 aircraft. American losses were 3000, Japanese losses less than 100. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
- Succeeded FDR upon his death. Led the country through the last few months of World War II, and made the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, he was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery. Created the CIA
- - Hitler took Austria and Czechoslovaki, Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles in appeasement...where Chamberlin had said something along the lines of "I have secured peace in our time" as he waved a peace of paper (famous photo).
5 True/False questions
Appeasement → A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with Neville Chamberlain's policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler.
Douglas Macarthur → A very crude leader that took advantage of a disillusioned and depression-stricken nation. After the Treaty of Versailles blamed Germany for WWI, lead the nation into WWII under the "big lie." In 1932 the nazis had become the largest political party. came to power legally in 1933. used his new power to turn Germany into a totalitarian state. he took propaganda to a new level. He enforced the secret police. His hatred of the jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of nazi ideology. Hitler led to the way and leaded the Holocaust.
The Treaty of Versailles → Refused to allow either defeated German or Communist Russia to participate in peace conference negotiations, forced Germany to sign a war-guilt clause that was used to justify imposing large war reparations payments; changed map of Europe, created league of nations, left legacy of bitterness. Jan 10,1920
Blitzkrieg → "Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare including intial strikes followed by fast tanks used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Totalitarianism → A political system in which the government has total control over the lives of individual citizens. (like a dictator)