5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Neville Chamberlain
- Joseph Stalin
- Bernard Montgomery
- a Bolshevik revolutionary, head of the Soviet Communists after Lenin, and dictator of the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953. He led the Soviet Union with an iron fist, using Five-Year Plans to increase industrial production and terror to crush opposition
- b A British army general who defeated the Germans at El Alamein in Egypt, and began pursuing them westward.
- c City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
- d Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).
- e 1938; gullible British Prime Minister; declared that Britain and France would fight if Hitler attacked Poland. Used appeasement to avoid war with Hitler until 1940 (when Churchill succeeded him)
5 Multiple choice questions
- a constructed line of defense created by France against the French-German frontier.
- Japanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.
- Britain's new prime minister during WWII who pleaded for US aid, rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.
- began on April 9, 1942, was the forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000-80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II. All told, approximately 2,500-10,000 Filipino and 100-650 American prisoners of war died before they could reach their destination at Camp O'Donnell. The reported death tolls vary, especially amongst Filipino POWs, because historians cannot determine how many prisoners blended in with the civilian population and escaped. The march went from Mariveles, Bataan, to San Fernando, Pampanga. From San Fernando, survivors were loaded to a box train and they were brought to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.
- The last offensive battle of WWII. U.S. Army in the Pacific had been pursuing an "island-hopping" campaign, moving north from Australia towards Japan. On April 1, 1945, they invaded Okinawa. By the time the fighting ended on June 2, 1945, the U.S. had lost 50,000 men and the Japanese 100,000.
5 True/False questions
Dwight D. Eisenhower → Britain's new prime minister during WWII who pleaded for US aid, rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.
June 6, 1944 → Date of attack on Pearl Harbor
Harry S. Truman → Succeeded FDR upon his death. Led the country through the last few months of World War II, and made the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, he was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery. Created the CIA
The Battle of Britain → An organization of nations that was formed in 1945 to promote peace, security, and international cooperation. The organization is located in New York City.
Operation Overlord → 7:50-10:00 AM, December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet harbored in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii destroyed 18 U.S. ships and 200 aircraft. American losses were 3000, Japanese losses less than 100. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.