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Chapter 19 Henslin

medicine

one of the social institutions that sociologists study; a society's organized ways of dealing with sickness and injury

shaman

the healing specialist of a tribe who attempts to control the spirits thought to cause a disease or injury; commonly called a witch doctor

health

human condition measured by 4 components: physical, mental, social and spiritual

sick role

a social role that excuses people from normal obligations because they are sick or injured, while at the same time expecting them to seek competent help and cooperate in getting well

professionalization of medicine

development of medicine into a specialty in which education becomes rigorous and physicians claim a theoretical understanding of illness

fee-for-service

payment to a physician to diagnose and treat a patient's medical problems

epidemiology

study of disease and disability patterns in a population

two-tier system of medical care

wealthy receive superior medical care and the poor inferior medical care

defensive medicine

excessive medical tests and procedures performed as a protection against malpractice lawsuits, otherwise regarded as unnecessary

depersonalization

dealing with people as though they were objects-in the case of medical care, as though patients were merely cases and diseases, not persons

medicalization

the transformation of a human condition into a matter to be treated by physicians

euthanasia

mercy killing

dumping

the practice of sending unprofitable patients to public hospitals

disabling environment

an environment harmful to health

alternative medicine

Medical treatment other than that of standard western medicine

4 elements of sick role

not held responsible for being sick, exempt from normal responsibilities, you don't like the role and you will get competent help so you can return to your routines

Gatekeepers

for children it's parents and for adults it's physicians

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