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government in america chapter 8 vocab Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. critical election
  2. coalition government
  3. open primaries
  4. ticket splitting
  5. party machines
  1. a When two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature. This form of government is quite common in the multiparty systems of Europe.
  2. b A type of political party organization that relies heavily on material inducements, such as patronage, to win votes and to govern.
  3. c voting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices
  4. d elections to select party nominees in which voters can decide on Election Day whether they want to participate in the Democratic or Republican contests.
  5. e an electoral "earthquake" whereby new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party. These are sometimes marked by a national crisis and may require more than one election to bring about a new party era

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period
  2. a term used to describe the fact that many americans are indifferent toward the two major political parties
  3. one of the institutions that keeps the party operating between conventions
  4. The voter's perception of what the Republicans or Democrats stand for, such as conservatism or liberalism
  5. an electoral system in which legislative seats are awarded only teh candidates who come in forist in their constituencies in american presidental electons the sysstem in which the winner of the popular cote in a state recieves all the electoral votes of that state

5 True/False Questions

  1. proportional representationan electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.


  2. linkage institutionsvoting with one party for one office and with another party for other offices


  3. responsible party modela "team of men [and women] seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election."


  4. national conventionsthe meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presdiential ticket adn write the party's platform


  5. party dealignmentthe gradual disengagement of people and politicians from the parties, as seen in part by shrinking party identification.


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