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Eighteenth century liberals stressed

liberty and equality of individual rights but not economically of politically; everyone has equal opertunity

Generally, the people who did not support 18th century liberalism were the

common people (masses)

The group that met in 1787 to discuss tax reform was the

Assembly of Nobles

The legal definition of the composition of the prerevolutionary Third Estate included

Masses (everyone who was not nobility or clergy)

the men elected to represtent the third estate at the Estates General were primarily

lawyers and government officals

The grievance petitions from all three estates called for

constitutional monarchy (guarentee individual freedom and economic reform)

the major share of the tax burden in France was carried by the

peasants

most 18th century demands for liberty centered on

economic hardship, economic reform, equality of opportunity

the Tennis Court Oath was sworn by

estates general but most were from the 3rd estate

the group that announced that it was going to cut off Marie Antoinette's head, "tear out her heart, and fry her liver" was

women of paris

The term "Great Fear" refers to the

feeling of paroinia in the countryside in 1789, established flames of rebellion, led by vagabonds (homeless people) and outlaws

The French National Assembly was established by

delecates from the third estate

In the 1780's over 50% of France's annual budget was expended on

interest (for debt)

Causes of the outbreak of revolution in France in 1789

demand of the nobility for greater power and influence

The National Assembly that ruled France in 1789-1791 passed laws that

women were not allowed to vot and have political office

in the years 1789-1791 what actions did the National Assembly take?

introducing metric system and nationalizing catholic church

the accomplishments of the national assembly

reorganizing administration of the provinces

the participation of the common people of Paris in the revolution was initially attributable to

the soaring price of food

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen guaranteed

equality before the law, individual freedom, representative government for a soverign people

In the first stage of the Revolution the French established a

constitutionaly monarchy

During the early years of the French Revolution

women playe a crucial role

In 1789 the influential Abbe sieyes wrote a pamphlet in which he argued that France should be ruled by

people

Abbe Sieyes's answer to the Question "What is the Third Estate?" was that it was

everything

for the French peasants, the Revolution of 1789 meant

greater land ownership

The French Jacobins were

Revolutionary radicals

The life-and-death political struggle between the Girondins and the Mountain resulted mainly from

personal hatred and jealousy

The group that had the task of ridding France of any internal opposition to the revolutionary cause was the

committee of Public safety

The Reign of Terror was directed primarily at

any and all enimies of the revolution

During the reign of terror, the dominant person on the Committe of Public Safety was

Robespierre

The Committee on Public Safety was

appointed by executive committee of national convention

The Reign of Terror ended when

Robespierre was killed by the national convention

According to the text, why did the Directory continued French wars on conquest begun by early revolutionary governments

a means to temporarally solve economic problems (big armies employ lots of people)

French plicies in areas conquered by French armies resulted in

opposition to the French

According to the text the string of French military victories after the winter 1793-1794 was largely due to

the draft

Napoleon's plan to invade Britain was scrapped as a result of

The Battle of Trafalgar

British commander at Battle of Trafalgar

Lord Horasio Nelson??

The first sucessful revolt against Napoleon began in 1808 in

Spain

According to the text, the populations of the areas of Europe Napoleon conquered came to view him as

a conquering tyrant

The two social groups that benefited most from the Revolution and Napoleon were

peasants and middle class

The charter issued by Louis XVIII in 1814 established

a limited constitutional monarchy (simular to 1791)

Napoleon's Civil Code of 1804

Women secondary status (not good)

The abolition of many tiny German states and the old Holy Roman Empire and reorganization of fifteen German states into a confederation of the Rhine was the work of

napoleon

During the Hundred Days

Napoleon returns from exile and rules France (briefly) he is defeated at the battle of waterloo

During the September Massacres

perisian (people of paris) slaughtered inmates (people that opposed revolution)

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