prodomal, active, residual.
what are the phases of schizophernia
"displayed symptoms." i.e delusions, auditory voices
the ACTIVE phase of schizophrenia is charactorized by...
is a marked disturbance in thinking
a break in reality
Causing emotion or feeling (what you see).
what is affective
what intenses or brings on schizopherinia?
split, fractured, and fragmented
the thinking that drives schizopherinia is...
the process itself of thinking
the term "marked disturbance of thinking" also means...
too much thinking effecting cognition
positive in relation to cognition means...
too little thinking effecting mood-affect
negitive in relation to cognition means
people get stuck on either end
on the continuum of thinking...
the ability to abstract
executive thinking is also..
intrapersonally and interpersonally
people with schizophrinia have trouble...
schizophrenia is marked by...
a group of disorders charactorized by severly impaired cognitive processes, personality disinagration, affective disturbances, and social withdawal.
schizopherinia is defined as...
delusions, auditory hallucinations, or marked distubances in thinking, affect,or speech.
according to the DSM-IV-TR symptoms of schizopherinia include...
work, interpersonal relationships, or self-care.
a person with schizo will have deteriorated from a previous level of functioning in areas such as...
thinking, functioning, and process.
the phases of schizo prodomal, active and residual all corralate with...
1) hallucinations and delusions. 2) disorganization. 3) marked delusions in thinking.
the three demensions of schizopherinia are...
thought, affect, behavior.
the demension of disorganization is charactorized by...
all people will have this demension.
what is the truth about the marked delusion of thinking demension?
everything we do is a...
no reasoning, or logic.
a person suffering from delusions has...
skills and abilities
paranoid relates to...
graduar relates to...
a relationship that does not exist.
erotomania relates to...
a false belief that is firmly and consistantly held despite discomforting evidence or logic.
what is a delusion?
Strong mental images that seem as if they truly occurred in the absence of physical stimuli. The most common of these are auditory, such as voices coming from outside one's head, but they may also include visions, smells, tastes, and skin-sensed.
what are hallucinations?
positive and negitive symptoms are critical; and must be present for at least 6 months.
which symptom is critical for diagnosis?
psychosis marked by presence of deeply held false beliefs (delusions) usually grandeur, persecution , jealousy, erotomania(friendship that does not exist).
what percetage of people with MR can be self-supporting?
FAS(fetal alcohol syndrome)
what cause of mental retardation is 100% preventable?
people percieve people with MR to be, idiots, imbiciles, meneces to society,and less then human.
what are the contemporary perceptions of MR?
the ability to relate to the outside world.
delirium, and dementia.
the two conditions of cognitive disorder are...
focusing attention, awareness of enviroment, some memory, language skills.
charactoristics of delirium are...
memory loss, ability to learn new information, motor dysfunction, sensory dysfunction, loss of EX dysfunction.
charactoristics of dementia are...
aging, drugs and alcohol, illness, sexually transmitted diseases, injury(trauma), lifestyle choices.
issues of pathology are...
a deficiency or failiure in neurological or mental fuctioning.
process of thinking.
cognitive disorder has to do with the...
mood and emotion.
cognitive disorders effect...
demantia and delusions.
what cognitive disorders are a result of sexually transmitted diseases?
dementia increases with age. (65+ 5-8 %) (75+ 15-20 %) (85+ 25-50 %)
what is the prevalence of cognitive disorders in the U.S. (demographic)
a symptom charactorized by disturbance of consciousness,and changes in cognition, such as memory deficit, disorientation, language and perceptual disturbances.
what is delirium?
alcohol, drugs, and eviromental toxicity
the two major factors of cognitive disorders are..
Rare disease characterized by lack of muscle control, tic's, purposeless movement and incoherant barks and grunts. commonly associated with obsessive compulsive disorder
tourettes syndrome is a..
Antisocial behavior that violates the rights of others, (in adolesence) individual must demonstrate a pattern of behavior in which other people's rights are violated, norms are ignored or rules are broken. Aggression to people & animals, destruction of property deceitfulness or theft, serious violation of rules.
conduct disorder is charactorized by..
recurrent pattern of negativistic, defiant and hostile behaviors toward authority figures. Loses temper, argues with adults, actively defies or challenges the rules or requests of adults, deliberately annoys people, blames others for their mistakes
oppositional defient disorder(ODD) is charactorized by...
depression and anxiety
internalized disorders charactoized by..
Mood disorder characterized by such symptoms as a prolonged sense of friendlessness, inability to have fun or concentrate, fatigue, extreme activity or apathy, feelings of worthlessness, weight change, physical complaints, and thoughts of death and suicide.
A disorder of mood that goes beyond normal, temporary sadness.
childhood depression charactorized by...
A severe autism spectrum disorder that has its onset in the first three years of life and includes deficiencies in social relationships, abnormalities in communication, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior.
autistic disorder charactorized by..
individual who exhibits extraordinary ability in a specific area such as memorization, mathematical calculations, or musical ability while functioning at the mental retardation level in all other areas-very rare!
autistic savant is an..
what percentage of children have mental problems?
Stimulants such as Ridlin and Methylphenidate
The most commonly used drugs to treat ADHD are..
the formative years are considered to be ages...
1. Prodominantly hyperactive- impulsive type. 2. inattentive type. 3. combined type.
what are the three types of ADHD?
genetic factors (biological)
what is the current research on the root cause of autism?
1. there are no medical tests that can pinpoint autism. 2. differant medical conditions or disorders can produces the behavioral charactoristics of autism. 3. the autistic symptom profile has been found in children with and without signs of neurological impairments. 4. symptoms can very widely from child to child.
Why is diagnosis of autistic disorder so difficult?
parent education and support groups
what are the best community interventions for reducing child abuse?
75 percent or 3/4 have I.Q. scores lower than 70. however there are some who display splinter skills often doing well on one or moe isolated task, but who do poorly in verbal and language task. These are known as "autistic savants".
what is the relationship between autistic disorder and intelligence level?
the prognosis is mixed, but most children diagnosed with autism retain thier prognosis at 9 years of age, however some w/higher levels of functioning improve.(e.g. those with aspergers syndrome) LOOKS LIKE M.R
what is the prognosis for children with autism?
88.2% of girls and 62.2% boys
what percentage of boys an girls in elementary school and junior high diet?
what pecentage of american women are able to achieve the size required for fashion models?
what pecentage of 5th grade girls have eating disorders?
what axis is eating disorder under?
people with food disorder think of food as what?
restricting, and binge eating/purging
what are the two types of anorexia norvosa?
purging and non purging
what are the two types of bulimia nervosa?
an eating dis order charactorized by low body weight, an intense fear of becoming obese that does not diminish with weight loss; body image distortion
anorexia nervosa is ...
accomploshing weight loss through dieting and exercizing(restricting to the point of "starvation"; this includes "water" restriction also)
the restricting type of anorexia is charactorized by...
losing weight through the use of self-induced vomiting, laxitives, or diuretics, often after binge eating.
the binge-eating/purging type of anorexia is charectorized by...
eating disoeder corralates what other disorder?
an eating disorder charactorized by recurrent episodes of binge eating(the rapid consumption of large quantities of food) at least twice a week for 3 months, during which the person loses control over eating. a persistent overconcern with body image and weight also charactorizes this disorder
bulimia nervosa is...
the individual regularly vomits or uses laxatives, diuretics, or enemas
the purging type of bulimia is charactorized by...
in which excessive excercise of fasting are used in an attempt to compensate for binges. also stimulants, drug and alcohol substances are used to reduce hunger
the non purging type of bulimia is charactorized...
feedback and social devalopment
what are the advantages of group therepy?
confronting and attacking confidentiality
what are the dis-advantages of group therepy?
the study of the effect of drugs on the mind and behavior
that behavior can change
the primise of all treatment is what?
Lobotomy, prefrontal Lobatomy, cingulotomy, ETC
what are the different forms of psycho surgery?
name it, determine causes, treatment, predict future, course
all treatment seeks to be the what?
compatence to stand trial is in doubt
mental health issues become legal ones when what?
a judgement that a defendant has a factual and rational understand of the proceedings and can rationally consult with counsel in presenting his/her own defense; refers to the defendant's mental state at the time of psychiatric examination
competency to stand trial refers to...
the involuntary confinement of a person judged to be a danger to himself or herself or to others, even though the person has not commited a crime
civil commintment is the...
1% of all court proceedings, and has a 26% success rate
how often is the insanity defease used? and what is a success rate?