American Journey Chapter 7 number 2

66 terms by harperwilson 

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depression

a period of low economic activity and widespread unemployment

manumission

the freeing of some enslaved persons

proportional

to be the same as or corresponding to

compromise

an agreement between two or more sides in which each side gives up some of what it wants

Constitution

A plan of government

bicameral

a two house legislature to divide power

republic

a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives

petition

to apply for

ordinance

a law

depreciate

to fall in value

abandon

to give up

clause

a condition added to a document

convention

a meeting

federalism

The sharing of power between the National government and the state governments

amend

to improve

legislative branch

law making branch of the government

executive branch

the branch that carries out the nation's laws and policies, headed by the president

judicial branch

the court system

checks and balances

ways to limit a branch of the government so that so single branch can not dominate the government

Electoral College

how the president and vice president are elected. made up by a special group or presidential electors

tradition

cultural beliefs and practices

reside

exists

Preamble

Introduction

popular sovereignty

authority of the people

republicanism

voters hold sovereign power

federalism

the government system in which the power to govern is shared between the national government and the states

reserved powers

powers retained by the states, including schools, marriage and divorce laws, regulating instate trade. 10th A says powers not granted to Fed are reserved for the States

enumerated powers

Powers belonging only to the Federal Government, including coining money, regulating interstate and foreign trade, armed forces, and federal courts

concurrent powers

powers shared by state and federal government, incl raising taxes, borrow money, public welfare, administer criminal justice

implied powers

powers not specifically defined in the COnstitution

diminish

to reduce

constitution

principles or laws of a country

enumeration

a census or population count

impeachment

to bringing of charges against an official

president pro tempore

presiding officer of Senate who serves when the Vice President is absent

indictment

charging of a person for an offense

quorum

the minimum number f members that must be present to conduct sessions

adjourn

to suspend a session

emolument

salary

bill

the draft of a proposed law

revenue

income raised by a government

resolution

legislature's formal expression of opinion

impost

tax

naturalization

procedure by which a citizen of a foreign nation becomes a citizen of the United States

tribunal

a court

letter of marque

authority given to a citizen to outfit an armed ship and use it to attack enemy ships in time of war

reprisal

taking by force property or territory belonging to another country or to its citizens

original jurisdiction

authority to be the first court to hear a case

appellate jurisdiction

authority to hear cases that have been appealed from lower courts

treason

violation of the allegiance owed by a person to their country for example, aiding an enemy

amendment

a change to the Constitution

ratification

the process by which an amendment is approved

quarter

to provide living accomadations

warrant

a document that gives police particular rights or powers

probable cause

a reasonable basis to believe a person is linked to a crime

common law

law established by previous court decisions

bail

money that an accused person provides to the court as a guarantee that they will be present for a trail

majority

more than half

devolve

to pass on

abridge

to reduce

insurrection

rebellion against the government

emancipation

freedom from slavery

apportionment

the distribution of seats in the House based upon population

president elect

the individual who is elected president but who has not yet begun serving their term

District

the site of the Nation's capital, occupying the area between Maryland and Virginia

vacancy

an office or position tat is unfilled or unoccupied

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