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Renaissance and Reformation Unit Exam.

Renaissance Spirit

A renewed interest in the classics and the questioning spirit all reflect this.

This was a primary effect of the Reformation

The power of the church in Europe was Weakened. New Christian demoninations emerged.

These are the primary causes of the Reformation

Questioning of traditional authority. Kings and princes resented Church's power. Church corruption

Humanism

The emphasis on the importance of the individual and an appreciation of individual achievement.

The Questioning Spirit

This encouraged people during the Renaissance and Reformation to question traditional authority.

Individualism

A societal condition necessary to the development of Greek philosophy and Renaissance art.

The Bible in the Vernacular

A suggestion by Martin Luther to change the practices of the church.

Renaissance characteristics

Creativity in the arts and the development of the questioning spirit.

Artistic Achievement

The development of works of art due to the creation of a wealthy leisure class.

Petrarch

"The Father of Humanism"

Renaissance

The era which saw the "rebirth" of Greek and Roman cultures.

Henry VIII

This English king broke away from the church due to the pope's refusal to grant him a divorce.

The Printing Press

This invention helped to promote the rapid spread of ideas.

Johannes Gutenberg

This individual created the printing press helping spread the ideas of the Protestant Reformation

Patrons

These wealthy bankers and merchants helped stimulate the economies of Northern Italy.

The book of the Courtier

Authored by Castiglione, this book described the ideal Renaissance man.

Renaissance man

An educated individual having a broad education in many areas.

Predestination

The belief that God had chosen who could be saved.

John Calvin

Religious reformer who believed in predestination.

Florence Italy

The ideal Renaissance city, with plenty money, artists, and the wealthy Medici family.

Rules of perspective

This artistic technique helps to make Renaissance paintings more realistic.

Machiavelli

Renaissance author who published the book "The Prince"

The End Justifies the Means

The political philosophy of Machiavelli, advising Renaissance princes to do whatever it takes to maintain power.

African Slaves

Europeans brought these individuals to the Western hemisphere to provide a cheap source of labor.

Trade Routes

Europeans were looking to cut out the middle man (the middle east Arabs) between east and west.

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