AP 11 Lit Terms 2

38 terms by dsummerlee

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This is the second set of lit terms for AP 11 classes. Watch out for figurative language terms; they're tough!

expository writing

writing that intends to inform, explain, argue; nonfiction

fiction

literary prose based on imagination and not necessarily on fact

figurative language

writing that goes beyond the literal, original use of the words; aka figure of speech. There are two types: tropes and schemes.

trope

words that MEAN more than what they say directly; one of the two main figures of speech

metaphor

a comparison of two seemingly unlike objects for the purpose of creating interest in imaginative writing;a type of trope

simile

a comparison of two seemingly unlike objects using the words LIKE or AS; a type of trope

conceit

an elaborate metaphor that drives a whole poem or story; a type of trope

metonymy

referring to something by naming an object closely associated with it; a type of trope

synecdoche

referring to something by naming one part of the object; a type of trope

hyperbole

exaggeration for emphasis; opposite of understatement; a type of trope

litotes

understatement done for emphasis by saying what something is not; a type of trope

symbolism

using a literal object to represent an abstract idea; a type of trope

scheme

interesting ARRANGEMENT or play with words, often times to effect the sound; one of the two main figures of speech

alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words; a type of scheme

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds within words; a type of scheme

consonance

repetition of consonant sounds within words; a type of scheme

onomatopoeia

words that imitate the sounds they describe; a type of scheme

parallelism

wording ideas of equal importance with a similar sentence structure and often placing them in succesion; a type of scheme

appositive

a noun set beside another noun to explain or identify it; a type of scheme

anastrophe

inverting the natural order of words; a type of scheme (Think Yoda!)

anadiplosis

a word or a phrase is repeated twice in a row; it's at the end of one sentence or clause and then again at the beginning of the next sentence or clause; a type of scheme

antithesis

the opposite or contrast of ideas written in similar sentence structure; a type of scheme

foreshadowing

hints or clues that prepare the reader for future events

genre

a type of literature (be able to name some)

imagery

sensory detail

irony

the contrast between expectations and reality; 3 types exist

verbal irony

the character or author says one thing, but means something else

dramatic irony

the audience/ reader sees or knows something that other characters cannot; ensuing events are ironic

situational irony

one event is expected to occur, but something entirely different actually occurs

loaded language

emotionally charged words used to persuade

local color

style of writing that brings regional literature alive by detailing dialect, dress, mannerism, customs, character types, and landscapes of a particular area of the country

monologue

a speech given by one person; if alone on stage=soliloquy; if alone in a story=interior monologue

motif

an idea that resurfaces throughout an individual work

narrative

writing that tells a story; may be true or false or a combination

narration

description of actions in a story

nonfiction

prose written about real people, events, places, and ideas

novel

an extended work of fiction

understatement

giving less credit than something is worth; opposite of hyperbole; a type of trope

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