atmosphere and mood take the place of strong emotion, or of the story in program music
- Anti-bombast, anti-noise
- Impressionist painting
- symbolist poetry
impressionist painting is in...
impressionist painting has....
- light and color
- reaction against Romanticism
the symbolist poets use...
the symbolist poets
- Charles Baudelaire
- Stephanie Mallarme
- Paul Verlaine
- Arthur Rinbaud
Debussy is from...
Debussy is an...
Debussy went to school at...
Debussy won the...
Prix de Rome
Debussy was responsible for...
the birth of impressionism
Pelleas and Melisande
Debussy stopped composing because he was disgusted of...
World War I
Debussy died in...
scales in impressionistic music
- archaic scales
- exotic scales
type of dissonance in impressionistic music
rhythm in impressionistic music
type of color in impressionistic music
"pastel" orchestral color
form in impressionistic music
short, lyric forms (character pieces)
impressionistic music'c __________ changes
role of musical elements
in impressionistic music, thematic transformation becomes...
genre of "La Soiree dans Grenade" (An Evening in Grenade)
"Prelude to 'The Afternoon of a Faun'"- Debussy
-based on Mallarme pastoral poem
- mythological, sensualist creature
form of Debussy's prelude
free ternary form
melody of Debussy's prelude
genre of Debussy's prelude
the panpipes in Debussy's prelude signify
the comparative study of the music(s) of the world
often ethnomusicologists focus on...
the cultural context of the performances of the music
in 1940, Stravinsky became...
a citizen of US
Stravinsky died at...
- studied folklore
Bartok ______ to the US
Bartok died in...
New York City
Bartok's music was full of...
logic and beauty of Classical form
Bartok's music used new musical vocabulary based on...
eastern European traditional music
Bartok's new musical vocabulary consisted of...
new scales and polytonal harmonic language
Bartok's music had changing ______ and ______
- escape from refinement
- "Back to Bach"
- absolute music
Neoclassicism was in the...
Neoclassicism returns to...
"Le sacre du printemps"- Stravinsky
- (Rite of Spring)
- subtitled "Scenes of Pagan Russia"
Rite of Spring has primitivistic...
rhythms and mood
Rite of Spring consists of...
Russian and Baltic folk-songs; and folk-like, newly composd, musical motives
Part I of Rite of Spring
Adoration of the Earth
Intro of Adoration of the Earth has...
other two movements of Adoration of the Earth
- "Dance of the Youths and Maidens"
- "Game of Abduction"
"Concerto for Orchestra"- Bartok
Boston Symphony Orchestra
"Concerto for Orchestra" has __ movements
Fourth movement of "Concerto for Orchestra"
theme of "Interrupted Intermezzo"
Shostakovich's Symphony No. 7
melody when musical elements were made new
- instrumental character
harmony when musical elements were made new
- NOT harmonic, often harmonious
attitudes regarding tonality
1. tonality/tonal pull made very weak
2. tonality made totally obscure
ways that tonality was made totally obscure
ways that tonality/tonal pull was made very weak
2 or more tonal centerslayering on top of each other
no tonal center
revitalization of rhythm meant....
a nre rhythmic complexity
a new rhythmic complexity meant...
- changing meters
- irregular meters
2 or more rhythmic patterns layered on top of each other
Schoenberg is from
Schoenberg is a teacher and a....
Schoenberg is largely....
Schoenberg developed _______ and _______ as techniques
Schoenberg emigrated to the US because he was...
Schoenberg taught in the US at
UCLA and USC
_____________ bitrthed expressionism
second viennese school
painting genre expressionism devedloped in Germany in opposition to
painting genre expressionsm represented
subconsciousness, hallucinations, and dreams
painting expressionsm artists
musical expression composers
musical characteristics of musical expressionism
- extreme ranges
- disjunct ranges
- full chromatic scale
- strict employment of a fixed series of pitches
-sparse, highly fragmented texture
orchestration (the Pierrot ensemble)
- largish chamber ensemble (8 people)
- darker (lower-pitched) instruments
instruments usually seen in Pierrot ensemble
in the Pierrot ensemble, _______ is used as ensembled instrument
form of muscal expressionism
- older forms
- fugue, concerto grosso
"Pierrot lunaire"- Schoenberg
-song cycle that is atonal
"Pierrot lunaire" is based on...
a psychotic clown obsessed with the moon
No. 18, "The Moonfleck"
- voice and 5 instruments
- very disturbing
- contrapuntal and dissonant
"The Moonfleck" shows feelings of...
being lost and of acute frustration
Jazz invloving slave music
- devotional music
face of ragtime
operas that Scott Joplin wrote
- Posthumous Pulitzer Prize
Billie Holiday represents
Billie Holiday was an...
American blues and jazz singer
Billie Holiday was also named
___________ signed Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday died....
at age 44
Big Band Jazz was very famous in...
the 30s and 40s
Big Band Jazz involved...
- jazz rhythms
- jazz harmonies
Duke Ellington was the composer of a big band piece called...
New East St. Louis Toodle-O
Duke Ellington was a...
big band leader
a piece that is "Be-bop"
"A Night in Tunisia"
"A Night in Tunisia"- Dizzy
- Charlie Parker "Bird", Miles Davis
- A-A-B-A form
- involves ostinato
composer drawn to ragtime, blues, and jazz
finest American opera when jazz and classical megred
"Porgy and Bess"
The Broadway Musical
"West Side Story"- Bernstein
"West Side Story"- Bernstein
- union of jazz and Latino musics with musical theater
- conductor New York Philharmonic
- classical and popular music
"Romeo and Juliet"
- lyrics by Stephen Soundheim
form found in popular music and jazz
Part's song sounds like...
song that has glissando
Sheng's "China Dreams" that's in full orchestra
pattern that is repeated throughout a section of a composition
Crumb's "Ancient Voices of Children"
sounds like a gamelan
Cage's Sonata V
where the abduction sounds like violence
Stravinsky's Rite of Spring
Revueltas' tribute to Lorca
piece that involves mexican dances and cowboy ballads
Billy the Kid
"Prelude of an afternoon of a Faun"
- faun is a mythological sensualist
where the trombone makes rude noises
Bartok's "Concerto for Orchestra"
Bartok was anti....
piece that uses sperchstimme
More Classical Use of African American-Inspired Music
Porgy and Bess by eorge and Ira Gershwin
Men of Nationalism by the Classical use of Military Band Music
- John Philip Sousa
- Charles Ives
John Philip Sousa was a...
Charles Ives was the first man to...
write music in the US that would be considered World Class music
The Arts in Mexico
Mexican culture draws on Ameridan and Hispanic cultures
Hispanic cultures were Catholic since
instrumentation in a mariachi band
trumpet and guitar
Copland was born in
Copland was an undergrad at
Copland was a grad student at
Copland studied with
Nadia Boulanger was
the "midwife" of American music
Many genres in 20th century
- US nationalism
Revueltas was from
Revueltas was a child...
Revueltas was part of the
Spanish Civil War
Revueltas dies at age
"Billy the Kid"- Copland
music for ballet
"Billy the Kid" was about
"Billy the Kid" involved
cowboy ballads and Mexican dances (jarabes)
"Hornenaje a Federico Garci a Lorca"- Revueltas
- chamber ensemble, small string section
- celebrates poets life (Lorca)
there are __ melodies presented in "Hornenaje a Federico Garci a Lorca"
first melody in Revuelta's piece
- quick paced duple-meter dance
second melody in Revueltas's piece
- based on a soulful, emotional melody
third melody in Revuelta's piece
Son (rondo-like form)
- evocative of mariachi ensemble
Ives was inspired by the
Lorca was a _________ of the Spanish War
when bits and pieces are put between the strings
what cantate domino means in english
sing to the Lord a new song
Bebop is the instrumental equivalent to
older forms, being attracted to them is associated with expressionism
multiple meter layers
empesario for ballet russe
Tromba Iontana was performed by
expressionism was advanced in
Ragtime blues, dance is all
the retelling of Romeo and Juliet
West Side Story
Copland along with Bonney were both born in
a son is found...
in the 3rd movement of Revueltas tribute to Lorca
painter of the scream
Indonesian orchestra, the core of it is tuned gongs
composer who uses Dodecophonic
piece that is dodecaphonic
turned major and minor modes into church modes
Spanish flamingo dance
music with a high frequency of syncopation
Emancipation of dissonance
dissonance is set free from the need to resolve
the comparative study of music in different cultures
Copland wrote US _________________
storyline of La Sacre
girl dances until she dies
form of interrupted intermezzo and hornaje a Federico Garcia
some later composers
- Milton Babbit
- Pauline Oliveros
- Paul Lansky
electronic music with live performers
- mixed media, multichannel tape, and live performers
- experiments with live electronic music
serialism, computer music, etc.
- computer-synthesized music
a "mainstream" composer
Benjamin Britten was born in
Benjamin Britten wrote
operas and choral works
- the war requiem
two trends in the late 1940s and early 1950s
musique concrete and tape music
musique concrete created by
Paris and Pierre Schaeffer
electronische musik invented by
Herbert Eimert and Karlheinz Stockhausen
electronische musik included
when synthesizer was used
"Switched on Bach " (1968)
"Switched on Bach" was composed by
musical instrument digital interface
- adopted in 1983
"The War Requiem"- Benjamin Britten
a denunciation of the wickedness of the war
"The War Requiem" consisted of...
an English tenor, a Russian soprano, and a German baritone
John Cage believes in
East Asian philosophies
indeterminacy is also called
chance music was a balance or counter to...
George Crumb went to school at
George Crumb had ____________ virtuosity
the arts since the mid-twentieth century
composers of performance art
- John Cage
- Laurie Anderson
wprked on a scale with 43 tones
piece that is a cycle of songs
"Ancient Voices of Children"- Crumb
plot of Billy the Kid
hero's mother was murdered in the street
glissando in Sheng's piece
trombone and violin
tone poem that is in ternary form
Bartok's Interrupted Intermezzo is the ___ movement out of 5
three members of second viennese school
Educated at Harvard, works at San Francisco
users of ostinato
made Stravinsky famous
another way of saying tone row
composer of Civil War music
composer of WWII music
expressionistic music was started in
the second Viennese school
impressionistic music was started in
Emancipation of _________ is associated with the second Viennese school
composer of the first African classical piece
got away from major and minor modes
Bartok and Debussy
painted the "scream"
another way of saying twelve tone
creator of the Pierrot Ensemble
he was not a musician by profession; he was an insurance executive
tribute to Lorca is considered to be an example of
genre of Tromba Iontana
Schoenberg died in
when tones are played into a computer, and the computer changes the timbre
Sheng was born in
Sheng was a victim in the
Schools that Sheng went to
Queens College and Columbia
Sheng won the ______________ award
MacArthur Foundation "Genius"
Sheng teaches at
University of Michigan
Part is from
Part had religious convictions vs.
Part lived in
type of music that Part writes
Latin and orthodox church choral music
John Adams was born in
John Adams was a
the "New" Romanticism
reaction to pseudo-intellectualism and alienation of the 12-tone movement
composers involved in the "new" romanticism
- Benjamin Britten
- Samuel Barber
Samuel Barber was born in
was a church organist at the age of 13
Samuel Barber was a composer that had an ________ reputation
Neo-Renaissance was a
Neo-Renaissance music was
composers involved in Neo-Renaissance music
- Henryk Gorecki
- John Taverner
minimalism music turns away from
repitition, with some variation of melodic, rhythmic and harmonic patterns
genre of "China Dreams:Prelude"- Sheng
form of sheng's piece
A-B-C (through-composed, new material throughout)
"Cantate Domino conticum novum"- Part
Latin text, based on Psalm 95
Part's piece has
tintinnabular (ringing bell) style
"Tromba lontana"- Adams
commisioned by Houston Symphony
Adams's piece has
functions in the role of music in film
- sets mood (sometimes ironic)
- establishes characters
primary practices for music in a film
- source music
the postwar years
post 1940s film music
composers of post 1940s film music
- Elmer Bernstein
- Jerry Goldsmith
composers of popular genres and 20 century art music
- Bernard Herrmann
- Miklos Rozsa
- Aaron Copland
- Leonard Bernstein
Rachel Portman was from
Rachel Portman was the first woman to
win the Academy Award for best music
Rachel Portman won the Academy Award with the movie
Tan Dunn is from
Tan Dunn was also a part of the
the Cultural Revolution was considered to be the
"new" wave of Chinese composers
Tan Dunn's music was banned as
Tan Dunn, like Copland and Sheng, attended school at
John Williams has been a major incidental music composer for more than ___ years
some movies where Williams composed the music for it
- "Gilligan's Island"
- Jurassic Park"
Williams also composed music for
Harry Potter movies, but J.K. Rowling had fired him
"Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone"- Williams
generally a "Tchaikovsky-like" score
"Harry potter and the Sorcerer's Stone has a use of
genre of "Raiders March", from Raiders of the Lost Ark- Williams
form of "Raider's March"
march-and-trio; ternary + coda
"Raider's March" uses
leitmotifs and ostinati