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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. The Nucleus Ambiguus is located in the
  2. Swallowing is different from a simple reflex in that it can not be elicited by isolated nerve activation, rather
  3. Thicker foods move
  4. Thin liquids are
  5. Insular cortex, particularly the anterior isula is involved in
  1. a more slowly in response to gravity and compression
  2. b it confroms to a highly codified stimulus pattern that produces a behavioral sequence of more elementary motor acts
  3. c deformed more easily and move more readily in response to gravity and compression
  4. d the coordination of interaction of oral musculature, gustation, and autonomic functions
  5. e ventral medulla

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the greatest systematic changes in the oropharyngeal swallow
  2. directed to various cranial nerve nuclei to translate the bursts into messages sent to muscles for specific action or contraction pattern
  3. the less agility and control required, more forgiving when timin of swallow and coordination of transit are impaired
  4. pass most easily through narrow sites in transit
  5. involuntary, stereotyped and identical in different people

5 True/False questions

  1. The cortex has significant control overthe initiation of swallowing and the level of neuromuscular activity of volitional swallowing


  2. The ventral regions (NA) require input from thean interneuronal network of dorsal and ventral reticular bodies (in medulla) that comprise the central pattern generator


  3. Nucleus Tractus Solitarius is located incell bodies of sensory neurons of CN VII, CN IX, CN X


  4. Large volume swallow, such as in cup drinkingproduce sequential swallow phases (oral followed by pharyngeal followed by esophageal)


  5. Nucleus Tractus Solitarius containscell bodies of sensory neurons of CN VII, CN IX, CN X


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