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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Nucleus Tractus Solitarius is located in
  2. The interneurons of the central pattern generator mediate
  3. Thin liquids are
  4. Thicker foods move
  5. As the bolus volume increases
  1. a the timing of the tongue base retraction to contact the anteriorly and medially moving pharyngeal walls occurs later in the swallow
  2. b interactions between motor and sensory nuclei
  3. c the dorsal medulla in the brainstem
  4. d deformed more easily and move more readily in response to gravity and compression
  5. e more slowly in response to gravity and compression

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. structures involved in motor control including motor/pre-motor cortex via descending motor pathways
  2. muscles spindles in the tongue via CN XII
  3. CNs V, VII, XII
  4. it is less likely to pass through narrow sites in transit, and may lodge above them instead
  5. time-ordered organization of movements, especially the sequential performance of multiple and voluntary movements

5 True/False questions

  1. The cortex has significant control overthe less agility and control required, more forgiving when timin of swallow and coordination of transit are impaired

          

  2. Changes in bolus volume createthe timing of the tongue base retraction to contact the anteriorly and medially moving pharyngeal walls occurs later in the swallow

          

  3. The more viscous the bolusmore slowly in response to gravity and compression

          

  4. Swallowing is a fixed action pattern that isinvoluntary, stereotyped and identical in different people

          

  5. CPG input functionsreceptor fields on the posterior tongue (CN IX), fauces, tonsils, velum (CN IX), mucosa of the valleculae and pyriform recesses (CN X) and the salivary glands (CN VII) are stimulated by the presence of the bolus

          

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