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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Nucleus Tractus Solitarius is located in
  2. Nucleus Ambiguus contains the cell bodies of the
  3. As bolus viscosity increases, adequate transit becomes
  4. Insular cortex, particularly the anterior isula is involved in
  5. Large volume swallow, such as in cup drinking
  1. a produce simultaneous oral and pharyngeal phase activity in order to safely clear the large bolus from both the oral cavity and the pharynx
  2. b more reliant on strength and constriction- the pressure generated by the oral tongue, tongue base, and pharyngeal walls increases and muscular activity increases
  3. c the coordination of interaction of oral musculature, gustation, and autonomic functions
  4. d motor neurons of CNs IX and X
  5. e the dorsal medulla in the brainstem

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the timing of the tongue base retraction to contact the anteriorly and medially moving pharyngeal walls occurs later in the swallow
  2. involuntary, stereotyped and identical in different people
  3. CN V, CN VII, CN IX, CN X
  4. the supplemental motor area, anterior to M1
  5. structures involved in motor control including motor/pre-motor cortex via descending motor pathways

5 True/False questions

  1. Small volume swallows, such as salivaproduce sequential swallow phases (oral followed by pharyngeal followed by esophageal)


  2. Thicker foods also heightenthe sensory awareness of food


  3. Thicker foods movedeformed more easily and move more readily in response to gravity and compression


  4. The more viscous the bolusmore slowly in response to gravity and compression


  5. The swallowing response is elicited fromventral medulla


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