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study guide for ww2

kreditanstalt

Major bank of Vienna that collapsed in the aftermath of the global economy. Germany could no longer pay reparations.

stresemann

he was chancellor and primarily responsible for the reconstruction of the republic and for giving it a sense of self-confidence

pope pius xii

monsignor eugenio pacelli

jesse ownes

black man from alabama beat hitlers "super man" in track

nuremberg laws

deprived jews of german citizenship, confining them to status of "subjects"

lebensraum

living space; Hitler thought more was needed for pure Germans and promised to get this by conquering Eastern Europe and Russia

joachim von ribbentrop

Foreign Minister of Germany later hanged for war crimes after numberg trails

kristallnacht

Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys

president of czechoslovakia

dr. hacha

pact of steel

Treaty made between Germany and Italy, the two fascist governments

secret protocol

allows for a division of easter europe (poland) between germany and russia

gleiwitz

subcamp of Auschwitz

canned goods

rations

sitzkrieg

The "Sitting war" or "Phony war"

dunkirk

evaluation of british foreces/ british and civilians evacuated 338,000 allied troops

marshal philipe petain

head of nazi government in southern france/marshal of france

june 22, 1940, at 6:50

war ended

operation sea lion

Hitler's codename for the plan to invade Great Britain United Kingdom

operation barbarossa

codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.

leningrad

a Russian city was surrounded and supplies cut off, the civilians and soldiers still fought eventually making the Germans surrender

tripartite pact

Signed between the Axis powers in 1940 (Italy, Germany and Japan) where they pledged to help the others in the event of an attack by the US

watch normandy

hitler told troops to watch out for normandy so that they wouldnt invade them.

judenfrei

free of Jews, slogan meaning "cleasened of Jews", used by Nazis after every Jew was either dead or removed from an area

totenbuch

death book

nacht und nebel erlass

night of and fog decree...kidnapping and forced disappearance of many politcal activists and resistance "helpless" throught nazi germany

rabbit girls

polish inmates were given gas gangrene wonds while otherss were subjected to "experiments" in bone grafting

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