Chapter 29 APUSH American Pageant

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1. Before he was elected president in 1912, what had Woodrow Wilson been?

state governor of New Jersey...

2. As governor of New Jersey, what record/reputation had Woodrow Wilson established?

a record as a passionate reformer...

3. List 4 elements of the Democratic platform on which Woodrow Wilson ran in 1912.

support for small business, antitrust legislation, tariff reduction, monetary reform...

4. What did it symbolize when Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelt's name in nomination for the presidency in 1912?

the rising political status of women...

5. What did Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism support?

a broad program of social welfare and gov't regularity of business...

6. What did Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom favor?

favored small enterprise and entrepreneurship...

7. Why was the 1912 election notable?

because it gave voters a clear choice of political and economic philosophies ...

8. Name the 4 presidential candidates of 1912 and along with his political party.

William Howard Taft- republican
Woodrow Wilson-democrat
Teddy Roosevelt- progressive
...

9. According to the text, what was the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election?

progressivism...

10. In 1912 Woodrow Wilson became the first _______ elected to the presidency since the Civil War.

person born in the south...

11. Woodrow Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by __________________.

academic scholars...

12. How might one describe Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses?

having faith in them if they were properly educated...

13. List 4 elements of Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy.

a belief that the president should appeal over the head of legislators to the sovereign people, a belief that the president should provide leadership for congress, a belief in the moral essence of politics, faith in masses...

14. As a politician, Woodrow Wilson was __________ and __________.

inflexible and stubborn...

15. Why did Congress pass the Underwood Tariff?

because president Wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage...

16. In 1913, what did Wilson do that broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day?

he personally delivered his presidential address to congress...

17. When Wilson became president in 1912, what was the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure?

the currency was inelastic...

18. When Congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, what did it intend the legislation to do?

to lower tariff rates...

19. For what did the Sixteenth Amendment provide?

a personal income tax...

20. What did the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guarantee and through whose final authority?

to a presidentially appointed federal reserve board...

21. What authority did the Federal Reserve Act give the Federal Reserve Board?

authority to issue paper money and increase the amount of money circulated...

22. What did the Clayton Anti—Trust Act legalize?

strikes and peaceful picketing ...

23. Because of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the _______________ "labor's Magna Charta."

Clayton Antitrust Act...

24. Who was the first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson?

Louis Brandeis...

25. How did Woodrow Wilson show the limits of his progressivism?

by accelerating segregation of blacks in federal bureaucracy ...

26. How were Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct an anti—imperialist U. S. foreign policy first undermined?

when he sent the U.S marine corps to Haiti ...

27. How might one characterize Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy diplomacy

moralistic...

28. President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until what happened?

until U.S sailors were arrested in the port of tampico...

29. List 4 countries Pres. Wilson had militarily intervened in or purchased before the end of his first term.

Dominican Republic, Mexico, Haiti, Virgin Islands...

30. Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the government in Mexico, which headed by which leader?

Victoriano Huerta...

31. As World War I began in Europe, the alliance system placed Germany and Austria—Hungary as leaders of the _______________, while Russia and France were among the _______________.

central powers, allies

32. From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain had what effect on the US economy?

pulled the U.S out of recession

33. With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, what was the attitude toward involvement of the great majority of Americans?

hoped to stay out of the war...

34. What was one primary economic effect of World War I on the United States?

it conducted an immense amount of trade with allies...

35. President Wilson insisted that he would hold __________ to "strict accountability" for ____________.

Germany, for the loss of American Ships and lives to submarine warfare...

36. When/why did German submarines begin sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger ships without warning?

in retaliation for the British naval blockade of Germany...

37. Which American passenger liner was sunk by German submarines?

The Cunard line passenger...

38. When did the Progressive "Bull Moose" party die? (i.e. What was the cause?)

when Teddy Roosevelt refused to run as the party, presidential candidate in 1916 ...

39. In the Sussex pledge, what did Germany promise?

not to sink passenger ships without warning

40. When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, from what segment of society did he receive strong support?

middle class

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