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Athletes often attribute their losses to bad officiating. This best illustrates

self-serving bias

The perception that your fate is determined by luck reflects

an external locus of control

The best indicator of a person's level of optimism is his or her (p. 580)

attributional style

Because Mr. Maloney trusts his employees, he treats them kindly. His kindness leads them to work diligently on his behalf, which in turn increases his trust in them. This pattern of trust, kindness, diligence, and increasing trust illustrates what is meant by

reciprocal determinism (p. 577)

The social-cognitive perspective emphasizes the interactive influences of our traits and our (p.577)

situations

Arguments as to whether people's behavior is more strongly influenced by temporary external influences or by enduring inner influences best characterize the

person situation controversy

The Big Five trait dimensions were identified by means of (p. 571)

factor analysis

The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as

the Barnum effect

The MMPI is an example of a(n) (p.570)

personality inventory

Characteristic patterns of behavior and conscious motives are called (p.568)

traits

Carl Rogers suggested that the ________ is a central feature of personality. (p.565)

self-concept

Which theorist emphasized that an individual's personal growth is promoted by interactions with others who are genuine, accepting, and empathic?

Carl Rogers

The humanistic perspective emphasized the importance of (p. 564)

self-determination

The major reason for criticism of the Rorschach test is that (p.560)

only a few of the many Rorschach-derived scores have demonstrated validity

According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the (p.555)

superego

According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate gratification of basic drives is the

id

According to Freud, the unconscious is (p.554)

the thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of which we are largely unaware

Freud became interested in unconscious personality dynamics when he noticed that certain patients' symptoms(p.554)

made no neurological sense

An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting is his or her

personality

Martin Seligman's positive psychology differs from the humanistic perspective in that it

uses scientific methodology

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