A general term meaning loss of appetite that may accompany other conditions. Also used to refer to anorexia nervosa, which is a personality disorder involving refusal to eat.
Gradual decay and disintegration of teeth caused by bacteria; may lead to abscessed teeth. Commonly called a tooth cavity
Return of fluids and solids from the stomach into the mouth.
Protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm (also called a diaphragmatocele) and extending into the thoracic cavity; gastroesophageal reflux disease is a common symptom.
Inflammation of a diverticulum (an outpouching off the gut), especially in the colon. Inflammation often results when food becomes trapped within the pouch.
Varicose veins in the rectum
Condition in which the bowel twists upon itself and causes an obstruction. Painful and requires immediate surgery.
Inflammation of the gallbladder; most commonly caused by gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct that block the flow of bile.
Presence of gallstones; may or may not cause symptoms such as cholecystalgia
Chronic disease of theliver associated with failure of the liver to function properly. Causes gradual destruction of cells
Imaging technique which utilizes radioactive substances
upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series
Administering of a barium contrast material orally and then taking an x-ray to visualize the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Also called a barium swallow
Flexible fiberscope called a colonoscope is passed through the anus, rectum, and colon; used to examine the upper portion of the colon. Polyps and small growths can be removed during this procedure.
To surgically create a connection between two organs or vessels. For example, joining together two cut ends of the intestines after a section is removed.