Types of Body Movements

Created by merrylearner 

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flexion

movement in the saggital plane that decreases the angle of the joint and brings two bones closer together

extension

opposite of flexion; movement in the saggital plane that increases the angle of the joint or distance between two bones or parts of the body

hyperextension

extension greater than 180 degrees

rotation

movement of a bone around its longitudinal axis

abduction

moving a limb away in the frontal plane from the median plane of the body, spreading the fingers apart

adduction

opposite of abduction; movement of a limb toward the body midline

circumduction

a combination of all the movements, commonly seen in ball and socket joints where the proximal end of the limb is stationary while the distal end moves in a circle

dorsiflexion

lifting the foot so the superior surface approaches the shin, standing on the heels

plantar flexion

pointing the toes

inversion

turning the sole of the foot medially

eversion

turning the sole of the foot laterally

supination

forearm rotation laterally so that the palm is facing anteriorly and the radius and ulna are parallel

pronation

forearm rotation medially so that the palm faces posteriorly and the ulna and radius are crossed

opposition

touching the thumb to other fingers

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