5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- osmotic pressure
- respiratory alkalosis
- a abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
- b a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
- c (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
- d alkalosis resulting from increased gas exchange in the lungs (as in hyperventilation associated with extreme anxiety or aspirin intoxication or metabolic acidosis)
- e the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
5 Multiple choice questions
- puncture of a vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion
- VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
- mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.
- FVD, when you lose more water than you take in. electrolytes are lost in the same proportion
- water loss that is noticed by a person, such as through urine output and sweating
5 True/False questions
atrial natriuretic peptide → A peptide hormone secreted by cardiac atrial cells in response to atrial distension (increased blood flow); causes increased renal sodium excretion and as such lowers blood pressure (antagonizing aldosterone). causes vasodilation and osmoregulation.
osmosis → water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
osmolality → the concentration of solutes in body fluids
hypernatremia → excessive amounts of sodium in the blood
hydrostatic pressure → Pressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.