5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- sensible water loss
- infusion pump
- a abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities
- b water loss that is noticed by a person, such as through urine output and sweating
- c device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.
- d excessive amounts of sodium in the blood
- e water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- alkalosis resulting from increased gas exchange in the lungs (as in hyperventilation associated with extreme anxiety or aspirin intoxication or metabolic acidosis)
- deficiency of chloride in the blood plasma
- particles are mixed together and not dissolved, particles are relatively large and are permanently suspend (whipped cream)
- The osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.
- mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.
5 True/False Questions
cations → positively charged ions
metabolic alkalosis → a condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45
hypercalcemia → higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
hypertonic → when comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater concentration of solutes
hyperkalemia → abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities