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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hypernatremia
  2. hyperkalemia
  3. antidiuretic hormone
  4. vascular access device
  5. anions
  1. a higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
  2. b VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
  3. c negatively charged ions
  4. d excessive amounts of sodium in the blood
  5. e ADH. hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a condition characterized by a deficiency of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body, in which the pH falls to less than 7.35
  2. a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
  3. ABG, measures the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the arterial blood
  4. abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
  5. difference between the concentrations of serum cations and anions, determined by measuring the concentrations of sodium cations and chloride and bicarbonate anions.

5 True/False questions

  1. cationspositively charged ions


  2. hypermagnesemiaan excess of magnesium in the blood plasma


  3. respiratory acidosisacidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia or hypoventilation)


  4. phlebitisparticles are mixed together and not dissolved, particles are relatively large and are permanently suspend (whipped cream)


  5. colloidselectrolyte solutions that move freely between the intravascular compartment and interstitial spaces


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