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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. hypernatremia
  2. osmosis
  3. hypokalemia
  4. sensible water loss
  5. infusion pump
  1. a abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities
  2. b water loss that is noticed by a person, such as through urine output and sweating
  3. c device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.
  4. d excessive amounts of sodium in the blood
  5. e water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. alkalosis resulting from increased gas exchange in the lungs (as in hyperventilation associated with extreme anxiety or aspirin intoxication or metabolic acidosis)
  2. deficiency of chloride in the blood plasma
  3. particles are mixed together and not dissolved, particles are relatively large and are permanently suspend (whipped cream)
  4. The osmotic pressure in the blood vessels due only to plasma proteins (primarily albumin) --> causes water to rush back into capillaries at end.
  5. mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.

5 True/False Questions

  1. cationspositively charged ions

          

  2. metabolic alkalosisa condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45

          

  3. hypercalcemiahigher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood

          

  4. hypertonicwhen comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater concentration of solutes

          

  5. hyperkalemiaabnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities

          

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