5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- milliequivalents per liter
- active transport
- a abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
- b higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
- c mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.
- d puncture of a vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion
- e energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference
5 Multiple choice questions
- a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
- transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood is compatible with that of the recipient. Also called allogeneic transfusion
- A peptide hormone secreted by cardiac atrial cells in response to atrial distension (increased blood flow); causes increased renal sodium excretion and as such lowers blood pressure (antagonizing aldosterone). causes vasodilation and osmoregulation.
- an excess of magnesium in the blood plasma
- enzyme that is produced by the kidney; important for blood pressure and volume regulation; catalyzes the conversion of circulating angiotensinogen to angiotensin I
5 True/False questions
fluid volume deficit → FVD, when you lose more water than you take in. electrolytes are lost in the same proportion
hydrostatic pressure → Pressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.
hypertonic → when comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater concentration of solutes
colloid osmotic pressure → the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
buffer → a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances