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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. anions
  2. osmolarity
  3. hypernatremia
  4. osmoreceptors
  5. osmosis
  1. a excessive amounts of sodium in the blood
  2. b Solute concentration expressed as molarity.
  3. c Found in the hypothalamus, these sense the osmolarity of the blood. Cause thirst sensation
  4. d water moves from a more dilute solution (of a solute) to a more concentrated solution (of the solute) through a membrane that is permeable to the solvent until the solution is equalized
  5. e negatively charged ions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. VAD, devices such as a needle, cannula, or catheter that allow direct access to the circulatory system
  2. a serious, and potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient's blood and the donated blood do not match
  3. water loss that is noticed by a person, such as through urine output and sweating
  4. (of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution
  5. abnormally low level of sodium in the blood

5 True/False questions

  1. isotonic(of a solution) having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution


  2. solutea homogeneous mixture of two or more substances


  3. active transportenergy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference


  4. osmolalitythe concentration of solutes in body fluids


  5. infusion pumpdevice that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.


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