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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. milliequivalents per liter
  2. active transport
  3. hyperkalemia
  4. venipuncture
  5. acidosis
  1. a abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  2. b higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood
  3. c mEq/L, number of grams of a specific electrolyte dissolved in 1 L of plasma.
  4. d puncture of a vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion
  5. e energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell membrane against a concentration difference

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
  2. transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood is compatible with that of the recipient. Also called allogeneic transfusion
  3. A peptide hormone secreted by cardiac atrial cells in response to atrial distension (increased blood flow); causes increased renal sodium excretion and as such lowers blood pressure (antagonizing aldosterone). causes vasodilation and osmoregulation.
  4. an excess of magnesium in the blood plasma
  5. enzyme that is produced by the kidney; important for blood pressure and volume regulation; catalyzes the conversion of circulating angiotensinogen to angiotensin I

5 True/False questions

  1. fluid volume deficitFVD, when you lose more water than you take in. electrolytes are lost in the same proportion


  2. hydrostatic pressurePressure exerted by a volume of fluid against a wall, membrane, or some other structure that encloses the fluid.


  3. hypertonicwhen comparing two solutions, the solution with the greater concentration of solutes


  4. colloid osmotic pressurethe pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane


  5. buffera liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances


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