The movement of the bantu peoples southward throghout africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa between the sixth and thirteenth centuries C.E. Also the modern West African country once known as the Gold Coast.
Arabic traveler who described African societies and cultures in his travel records.
Malinke merchants; formed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout Mali empire; eventually spread throughout much of West Africa
Kingdom of Kongo
Kingdom dominating small states along the Congo River that maintained effective, centralized government and a royal currency until the seventeenth century.
Relating to a social system in which family descent and inheritance rights are traced through the mother
A member of a West African people living chiefly in southwestern Nigeria
A region that makes up the southern edge of the Sahara, where sparse and unpredictable rainfall results in severe droughts
A major cultural and trading city in the Mali and Songhai empires
African societies organized around kinship or other forms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with states
A holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
The scientific study of population characteristics.
City, now in ruins (in the modern African country of Zimbabwe), whose many stone structures were built between about 1250 and 1450, when it was a trading center and the capital of a large state.
In forest of niger delta, rulers called oba (also descents of Ife), major trade center, had sculptures, ivory furs, died out because of slave trade.
States trading to north Africa and mixing Islamic and indigenous ways.
Sucessor of Mali; dominated middle reaches of the Niger valley; capital at Gao
East African highland nation lying east of the Nile River.
A town of northern Ethiopia. From the first to the eighth century A.D. it was the capital of an empire that controlled much of northern Ethiopia
The process by which a country moves from relatively high birth and death rates to relatively low birth and death rates
The spread of the Islamic faith across the Middle East, southwestern Asia, and northern Africa.
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade.