The Jacksonian Period: J.Q. Adams, Jackson, Van Buren

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This material dsicusses the events during the presidencies of J.Q. Adams, Jackson, and Van Buren.

Election of 1824

No one won a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide among Adams, Jackson, and Clay. Clay dropped out and urged his supporters in the House to throw their votes behind Adams. Jackson and his followers were furious and accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."

Jacksonian Democracy

A policy of spreading more political power to more people. It was a "Common Man" theme.

Ways suffrage increase

Property qualification for voting is abolished; any white man 21 years old and over can now vote. Many states abolish property qualifications after the 1824 election.

Ways suffrage remained limited

Women, Native Americans, and African Americans still could not vote.

Nominating conventions

A new way of choosing candidates. Each state would send delegates to choose the party's candidate, allowing common people to become more involved with the selection of the candidate and the election itself.

Spoils system

The practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs. Jackson made this practice famous for the way he did it on a wide scale.

Kitchen Cabinet

Jackson's group of unofficial advisors consisting of newspaper editors and Democratic leaders that met to discuss current issues. Jackson used the Kitchen Cabinet more than his official Cabinet.

The Bank War

Jackson was determined to destroy the Bank of the United States because he thought it was too powerful. He felt the Bank was unconstitutional and only benefited the rich.

The Tariffs of 1828 and 1832

The main goal of them is to increase the cost of foreign goods and protect domestic industries. 1828: high. 1832: lower after Southern uproar and protest because many Southern planters relied on the European goods that would have the tariff. Still, it was called the Tariff of Abominations by the South.

John C. Calhoun & Nullification

Calhoun was Vice President and pro-nullification, while Jackson claimed that giving states the right to nullify laws would threaten the unity of the nation.

States' Rights

The rights of states to limit the power of the federal government. With the Nullification Crisis, Jackson favored national over state. With the Indian Removal Act, he favored state over national.

Indian Removal Act

Jackson' decision to force Native Americans to move west out of the Mississippi into barren lands.

Strengthening the Presidency

Jackson increased his power as President through his use of the spoils system, his determination to shut down the Bank of the United States, and his use of the Force Act to enforce that Tariff of 1832.

The Tariff Crisis

South Carolina passed the Nullification Act, declaring the Tariff of 1832 illegal and threatened to secede from the Union. Jackson had to decide what to do with regard to states' rights and the power of the national government.

Trail of Tears

The Indians' long journey to the West, during which many died of illness and exhaustion.

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