the beleif that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth
a religion with one god
belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe
a religion identified with a particular ethnic group and largely exclusive to it
religions that attempt to globalize and appeal to all people/places
a religion formed from the mixture of different religious traditions combined in an unique way
A religion that has originality and is not modernized.
This is the belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs. This is important to HG because this has caused conflicts in a lot of different places including politics.
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
lowest class of people in the caste system of Hinduism, do all the dirty work of society
In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
the highest of the four varnas: the priestly or sacerdotal category
A worldwide movement, originating in the 19th century that sought to establish and develop a Jewish nation in Palestine. Since 1948, its function has been to support the state of Israel.
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
One of the two main ethnic groups within the Jewish culture. This branch eventually settled in Central Europe after having been driven out of Jerusalem early in the first millenium A.D
One of the main ethnic groups within Jewish culture. They settled in Northern Africa and later in the Iberian Peninsula after having been driven away from Jerusalem early in the first millennium AD
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy
The boundaries between the world's major faiths.
The boundaries within a major religion.
a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
Sharia religious law
Islamic Law: based on varying degrees of interpretation on the Qu'ran
Process in which more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region
The biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female
a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)
the gap between the life expectancy of men and women
Maternal mortality rate
Number of deaths per thousand of women giving birth.
the intentional killing of baby girls due to the preference for male babies and from the low value associated with the birth of females
Murder of a bride by her husband's family because her father failed to pay the dowry
Female genitalia mutilation
removal of all or just part of the female genitalia.