has a subject and a verb and it expresses a complete thought.
made up of two or more independent clauses joined by a conjunction.
Subordinate (dependent) clause
has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought
A subordinate clause that functions as an adjective. It modifies a noun or pronoun. It follows the word it modifies.
that, which, whom, those, who, whose
when and where
an expression that omits words
provides information that is necessary to understand the sentence
adds information that is not necessary
a subordinate clause that functions as an adverb-modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
tell how, how much, when, where, why, to what extent, or under what circumstances
after, since, although, so that, as, than, as if, that, as long as, though, as much as, unless, as soon as, until,as though, when, because, whenever, before, where, even though, whereas, except that, wherever, if, whether, in order that, which, provided that, while
a subordinate clause that functions as a noun-can be a subject, predicate nominative, a direct object, an indirect object, or an object of a preposition
introduction words for noun clauses
how, if, that, what, whatever, when, where, whether,which, who, whoever,whom, whomever, whose, why
has one independent clause and no subordinate clause
has two or more independent clauses and no subordinate clause
has one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause
has two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause
a series of equal or related ideas should be expressed in the same grammatical form
-linked by coordinating conjunctions
-linked by correlative conjunctions
and, but, or
either...or, whether...or, both...and, just as...so [too], not only...but also