Rise of Jacksonian Democracy (1819)
1819. Jacksonian democracy is the political philosophy of United States President Andrew Jackson and his supporters. Jackson's policies followed the era of Jeffersonian democracy which dominated the previous political era.: Important because its a new political philosophy that changed the way people supported Jackson
Election of 1824
No one won a majority of electoral votes, so the House of Representatives had to decide among Adams, Jackson, and Clay. Clay dropped out and urged his supporters in the House to throw their votes behind Adams. Jackson and his followers were furious and accused Adams and Clay of a "corrupt bargain."
Split in the Democratic-Republican Party (1825)
Treaty of Indian Springs (1825)
treaty removing the Lower Creek, a treaty signed in 1825 by which the Lower Creek gave up the last Creek lands in Georgia to the federal government in return for $200,000: Important because the federal government bout 200,000 dollars of land
John Eaton, Secretary of War, stayed with the Timberlakes when in Washington, and there were rumors of his affair with Peggy Timberlake, whom he later married, before her husband died in 1828. She was snubbed by the wives of Jackson's cabinet. The President wanted to help her because his wife had been the object of many rumors and tried to force the social acceptance of Peggy. This was called the "Petticoat War," which turned Jackson against Calhoun and dissolved the Cabinet. Calhoun resigned the vice presidency the next year and entered the Senate for South Carolina.
Maysville Road Bill
Federal funding for a Kentucky road was vetoed by President Andrew Jackson in 1830. The bill would have authorized the government to buy stock in a road from Maysville to Lexington, which would make it completely in Kentucky. Jackson was completely against the federal government participating in internal improvements but he also called it unconstitutional because it could be viewed as a purely local undertaking.
Webster-Hayne Debate (1830)
Tariff of 1828
a high tariff on imports that benefited the industrial North while forcing Southerners to pay higher prices on manufactured goods; called the "Tariff of Abominations" by Southerners
Election of 1828
The election of 1824 convinced Van Buren of the need for a renewed two-party competition. In the election of 1828, a new party formed & gradually became known as the Democratic Party which made Jackson president & Calhoun VP. Opponents called themselves the National Republicans. 7th president.
Southerners favored freedom of trade and believed in the authority of states over the federal government. Southerners declared federal protective tariffs null and void.
Tariff of 1832
a tariff imposed by Jackson which was unpopular in the South; South Carolina nullified it, but Jackson pushed through the Force Act, which enabled him to make South Carolina comply through force; Henry Clay reworked the tariff so that South Carolina would accept it, but after accepting it, South Carolina also nullified the Force Act
Jackson veto of the Bank of the US
The bank was only loyal to its rich stock holders which Jackson didn't like so he vetoed the bill to renew its charter. This is important because it showed that Jackson supported the lower and middle classes.
issued by President Jackson July 11, 1836, was meant to stop land speculation caused by states printing paper money without proper specie (gold or silver) backing it. It required that the purchase of public lands be paid for in specie. It stopped the land speculation and the sale of public lands went down sharply. The panic of 1837 followed.
Panic of 1837
When Jackson was president, many state banks received government money that had been withdrawn from the Bank of the U.S. These banks issued paper money and financed wild speculation, especially in federal lands. Jackson issued the Specie Circular to force the payment for federal lands with gold or silver. Many state banks collapsed as a result. A panic ensued (1837). Bank of the U.S. failed, cotton prices fell, businesses went bankrupt, and there was widespread unemployment and distress.
Jackson and Indian Removal
Indian: Policy of removal of all tribes west of the Mississippi River/The sorrowful path along which thousands of Indians were removed to Oklahoma
Election of 1832
Jackson v Clay, Jackson wins. Political parties will hold nominating conventions where the people decide who the nominee is. First time a third party was in an election, Anti-Masonic party.