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What is the general term for the large network of blood vessels

Plexus

What is the term for the connecting channels between the blood vessels

Anastomosis

What type of vessel arises from the heart and carries blood away from it

Artery

What is the artery branching system

Artery-arteriole-capillary

What type of vessel carries blood to the heart

Vein

What is the veins branching system

Vein-venule

What portion of the vascular system is a blood-filled space between 2 layer of tissue

Venous sinuses

What major artery arises from the common carotid and subclavian on the left side of the body

Aorta

What is the direct branch from the aorta (on the right side of the body), which then branches into the common carotid and subclavian

Brachiocephalic artery

What artery arises directly from the aorta on the left side of body, and travels up the neck, lateral to the trachea and larynx

Common carotid artery

Which artery arises directly from the aorta on the left side of the body and has the upper arm as it main destination

Subclavian artery

What are the 2 major arteries that supply the head and neck

Common carotid and subclavian arteries

What is the most reliable pulse during emergency treatment

Carotid pulse

What artery supplies intracranial structures and is also the source of the ophthalmic artery

Internal carotid artery

What does the ophthalmic artery supply

Eye, orbit, and lacrimal gland

Which artery supplies extracranial tissues of the head/neck including oral cavity

External carotid artery

What are the major branches of the external carotid artery

Anterior, medial, posterior, and terminal

Which artery directly supplies tissues to the hypoid bone, infrahyoid muscles, SCM, muscles of larynx and thyroid gland

Superior thyroid artery-anterior branch of external carotid

Which artery directly supplies mylohyoid muscles, sublingual salivary gland, mucous membranes of the floor of mouth, and suprahyoid muscles

Sublingual a.

Which artery directly supplies the soft palate, palatine muscles, and palatine tonsils

Ascending palatine

What specific artery can be a source of serious hemorrhage if it is injured during a tonsillectomy

Ascending palatine

Which artery directly supplies the submandibular lymph nodes, submandibular salivary gland, and mylohyoid and digastric muscles

Submental

Which artery supplies the lower lip tissues and facial expression muscles

Inferior labial a.

Which artery supplies the upper lip tissues and facial expression muscles

Superior labial a.

Which artery supplies tissues along side of nose (is also termination of the facial artery)

Angular a.

Which artery directly supplies pharyngeal walls, soft palate, and meninges of the brain

Pharyngeal a.

Which artery directly supplies suprahyoid muscles, SCM, and scalp and meningeal tissues in the occipital region

Occipital a

Which artery directly supplies the internal ear and mastoid air cells

Posterior auricular by the stylomastoid a.

Which artery arises w/in the parotid salivary gland and can be visible in patients under the skin of their face (on lateral portion of forehead area)

Superficial temporal a.

Which artery directly supplies the parotid salivary gland and nearby tissues

Transverse facial a. branch of superficial temporal a

Which artery directly supplies the temporalis muscle

Middle temporal a. - branch of superior temporal a.

Which artery directly supplies portions of the scalp in the frontal and parietal regions

Superficial temporal artery by way of frontal and parietal branches

Which artery directly supplies the meninges of the brain located on the inferior surface of the skill as well as the skull bones

Middle meningeal a - branch of maxillary a.

What artery directly supplies tissues of the chin

Mental a.

What artery does the mental a. communicate with (anastomose)

Inferior labial a.

Which artery directly supplies the floor of mouth and mylohyoid muscle

Mylohyoid artery

Which artery directly supplies pulp tissue, gingival, and periodontium of mandibular anterior teeth

Incisive a.

Which artery directly supplies the anterior and posterior portions of the temporalis muscle

Deep temporal arteries

Which artery directly supplies the masseter muscle

Masseteric a.

Which artery directly supplies the lateral and medial pterygoid muscle

Pterygoid a.

Which artery directly supplies the buccinator muscle and soft tissues of cheek

Buccal a.

Which artery directly supplies the pulp tissue, periodontium, and gingival of posterior max. teeth and max. sinus

Dental branches of posterior superior alveolar a.

Which artery directly supplies the pulp tissue, periodontium, and gingival of anterior max. teeth

Dental branches of anterior superior alveolar

Which artery directly supplies both hard and soft palate

Greater and lesser palatine a.

Which artery directly supplies the nasal cavity

Sphenopalatine artery

Which vein begins at the medial corner of the eye and drains in the internal jugular vein

Facial vein

Which vein directly drains the tissues of the orbit

Ophthalmic v

Which vein directly drains the upper lip

Superior labial v.

Which vein directly drains the lower lip?

Inferior labial v.

Which vein directly drains the tissues of the chin and submandibular region

Submental v.

Which vein directly drains the dorsal and ventral side of the tongue and floor of the mouth

Lingual veins

How is the retromandibular v. created

Merge of superficial temporal v. and maxillary v.

What does the superficial temporal v and maxillary v form

External jugular vein

Which vein directly drains the lateral scalp

Posterior auricular v and superficial temporal v.

What is the location of the pterygoid plexus of veins

Around pterygoid muscles and surrounding the maxillary artery on each side of face in infratemporal fossa

With what veins does the pterygoid plexus of veins anastomose

Facial and retromandibular veins

What is the function of the pterygoid plexus of veins drain

Maxillary v.

Which veins drain blood from the deep portions of the face

Pterygoid plexus

Which vein drains blood from the meninges of the brain

Middle meningeal v.

Which vein drains the pulp tissues of the maxillary teeth and the periodontium of the max. teeth including the gingival

Posterior superior alveolar v.

Which vein drains the pulp tissues of the mand. teeth including the gingival

Dental branches of inferior alveolar v.

Where are the venous sinus' located

Each side of body by sphenoid bone

With what does the cavernous venous sinus communicate

A cavernous sinus on opposite side, pterygoid plexus, and superior ophthalmic

What major vein drains most of the head and neck tissues

External jugular vein

Which vein begins inferior to the chin and drains into the external jugular v.

Anterior jugular v.

Which vein is formed when the internal jugular v. merges with the subclavian v

brachiocephalic v.

What do the brachiocephalic veins unite to form

Superior vena cava

Which complications can come about as a result of blood vessel lesions

Stroke, heart attack, tissue destruction (gangrene)

What is a clot that forms on the inner vessel wall

Thrombus

What term is used when a clot dislodges from the inner vessel wall and travels as foreign material in the blood

Embolus

What is the term to describe when a large amount of blood escapes the tissue without clotting

Hemorrhage

What is the term used to describe when a blood vessel is injured, a small amount of the blood escapes in the surrounding tissues, and a clot forms

Hematoma

What are the clinical signs of a hematoma

Swelling, discoloration

During what dental injections is the risk of hematoma higher

Posterior Superior alveolar block near pterygoid plexus

What major artery supplies the head and neck

Common carotid

What gives branches to the upper and lower lips

Facial

Divides into incisive and mental arteries

Inferior alveolar

Gives off dental and alveolar branches to the max. posterior teeth

PSA

Innervates the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the tongue

Lingual

Drains most of the tissues in the head and neck

Internal Jugular

Formed by the merger of the maxillary vein and the superficial temporal v

Retromandibular v.

Begins by the merger of the supraorbital v and the supratrochlear v

Facial v.

The maxillary v. collects blood from what

Pterygoid plexus

The posterior superior alveolar artery and its branches supply what

Maxillary posterior teeth and periodontium

What vein results from the merger of the superficial temporal v. and maxillary v.

Retromandibular vein

What artery arises from the inferior alveolar a. before the artery enters the mandibular canal

Mylohyoid a.

What artery supplies the mucous membranes and glands of the hard and soft palate

Greater and lesser palatine a.

What is the lesion that results when a clot on inner blood vessel wall becomes dislodges and travels in the vessel

Embolus

What is a venous sinus of the vascular system

Blood filled spaces between 2 laters of tissue

What is a branch of the Facial artery

Superior labial artery

What is a small vessel that branch off an arteriole to supply blood directly to tissue

capillary

The carotid pulse can be palpitated at the level of what

Thyroid cartilage

The tongue is supplied mainly by a branch from what artery

External carotid artery

What artery can be sometimes visible under the skin of the temporal region

Superficial temporal a.

What artery anastomoses with the anterior superior alveolar artery

Posterior superior alveolar a.

On the left side of the body the common carotid and subclavian arteries give rise directly from what

Aorta

What is the larger terminal branch of the external carotid artery

Maxillary a.

The brachiocephalic veins unite to form the what

Superior vena cave

What is contained in the carotid sheath

Internal jugular vein

What is a lesion that results in a small amount of blood escaping into the surrounding tissue and clotting

Hematoma

What artery directly supplies tissues superior to the hyoid bone including the suprahyoid muscles, floor of mouth and tongue?

Lingual artery- anterior branch of external carotid a.

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