5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Alexander Hamilton
- first party system
- Checks and balances
- The Great Compromise
- Bank of the United States
- a Proposed by Alexander Hamilton (1791 :: 20-year charter)
government was the major stockholder.
strong and stable national currency.
Jefferson opposed the bank (as a republican); he thought it was un-constitutional.
A place where all the tax money would go, money would be printed, loans issued, and loans regulated.
- b All bills would originate in the house
Direct taxes on states according to population
-the senate would have 2 representatives from each state
-House of Representatives would be based on population
- c Leader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
- d A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
- e loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
- Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
- Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- General in the Revolutionary War
-first President of the United States
-set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
-against political parties
- This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
- failed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship
- allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL
- Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel
Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
- government free from external control
5 True/False Questions
Judiciary Act of 1801 → established a Supreme Court (with a Chief Justice and five associate justices) and district courts
Annapolis Conference → This meeting was called by Alexander Hamilton and others to talk about the lowering of taxes and tariffs to increase trade between the states.
John Adam's Presidency → 2nd President (after Washington) who was a Federalist and hated Hamilton. He inherited a violent quarrel with France (who were furious about Jay's Treaty because it was in violation of Franco-American alliance).
Report on Manufacturing → the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
whiskey rebellion → - farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey
- an army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion.
- The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.