5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Proclamation of Neutrality
- Federalists and Anti-federalists
- tribal sovereignty
- Alexander Hamilton
- Bank of the United States
- a ______ disagreed mainly over the division of power between the national government and the states.
Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const
- b Proposed by Alexander Hamilton (1791 :: 20-year charter)
government was the major stockholder.
strong and stable national currency.
Jefferson opposed the bank (as a republican); he thought it was un-constitutional.
A place where all the tax money would go, money would be printed, loans issued, and loans regulated.
- c - Under constitution, natives were legal entities, but not foreign nations
- not citizens of the U.S.
"""Considered nation within a nation."""
- d Leader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
- e - A formal announcement issued by President George Washington on April 22, 1793, declaring the United States a neutral nation in the conflict between Great Britain and France that had begun with the French Revolution. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistance to warring countries.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- - George Washington became pres. for a second term.
- Hamilton and Jefferson wrote letters to GW and ask him to stay another term
- GW was elected unanimously again, Adams was VP again
- He did not trust and was against political parties.
- Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel
Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
- Father of Constitution
Supported Federalist Papers (along with Hamilton and John Jay)
Author of Bill of Rights
Presidency (4th) marked by War of 1812
Proposed Virginia Plan
- 3rd President of the United States, 2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1st Secretary of State
chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
- failed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship
- allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL
5 True/False Questions
The Great Compromise → This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
first party system → loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
- Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
- Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
Alien and Sedition Acts → These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:
- the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years
- the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens
- the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US
- the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.
The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.
The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions → Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).
Department of the Navy → the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government