5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- President George Washington
- Proclamation of Neutrality
- Alexander Hamilton
- Judiciary Act of 1789
- a established a Supreme Court (with a Chief Justice and five associate justices) and district courts
- b Leader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
- c - A formal announcement issued by President George Washington on April 22, 1793, declaring the United States a neutral nation in the conflict between Great Britain and France that had begun with the French Revolution. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistance to warring countries.
- d government free from external control
- e General in the Revolutionary War
-first President of the United States
-set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
-against political parties
5 Multiple choice questions
- failed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship
- allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL
- - America could settle the Northern border of Florida
- Could deposit goods at mouth of Missipi River (New Orleans)
- Spain promised it would prevent Indian raids over the border
- The person with the most electoral votes, John Adams, became President and the person with the second most electoral votes, Thomas Jefferson, became Vice President. A problem from this situation was that Adams and Jefferson belonged to different political parties, so political tensions were strong in the Executive Branch. In modern elections, presidential candidates choose their vice presidential candidates to run with them, so the situation in 1796 could not occur.
- One of the last important laws passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. It created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices (known as the midnight appointees). This was Adams's last attempt to keep Federalists power in the new Republican Congress. His goal was for federalists to dominate the judicial branch of government.
- - farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey
- an army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion.
- The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
5 True/False questions
Annapolis Conference → This meeting was called by Alexander Hamilton and others to talk about the lowering of taxes and tariffs to increase trade between the states.
Separation of powers → the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Federalists and Anti-federalists → In this, Madison talked about the danger of political factions and offered his republican solution to them.
The Great Compromise → This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
James Madison → Father of Constitution
Supported Federalist Papers (along with Hamilton and John Jay)
Author of Bill of Rights
Presidency (4th) marked by War of 1812
Proposed Virginia Plan