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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Federalist Number 10
  2. Department of the Navy
  3. first party system
  4. Election of 1800
  5. Report on Manufacturing
  1. a James Hamilton's plan (1791).
    - Growth of industry
    - included: tariffs, loans, grants, the excise tax (distilled liquor --> Whiskey Rebellion), and the improvement of infrastructure.
  2. b created because of Quasi war.
  3. c loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
    - Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
    - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
  4. d In this, Madison talked about the danger of political factions and offered his republican solution to them.
  5. e Democratic Republican candidates Jefferson and Burr tie with 73 electoral votes each (Federalist candidate Adams gets 65); tie goes to House of Representatives; Hamilton hated Burr more, went to House and got more votes for Jefferson; Burr later kills Hamilton in a duel

    Led to the 12th amendment, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
  2. These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:

    - the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years

    - the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens

    - the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US

    - the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.

    The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.

    The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.

    The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
  3. A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
  4. This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
  5. General in the Revolutionary War
    -first President of the United States
    -set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
    -against political parties

5 True/False questions

  1. Virginia and Kentucky ResolutionsWritten anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).

          

  2. Sovereignty- Under constitution, natives were legal entities, but not foreign nations
    - not citizens of the U.S.
    """Considered nation within a nation."""

          

  3. tribal sovereignty- Under constitution, natives were legal entities, but not foreign nations
    - not citizens of the U.S.
    """Considered nation within a nation."""

          

  4. Thomas JeffersonFather of Constitution
    Supported Federalist Papers (along with Hamilton and John Jay)
    Author of Bill of Rights
    Presidency (4th) marked by War of 1812
    Proposed Virginia Plan

          

  5. Federalists and Anti-federalists______ disagreed mainly over the division of power between the national government and the states.

    Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const

          

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