5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- President George Washington
- first party system
- election of 1792
- Separation of powers
- Federalists and Anti-federalists
- a loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
- Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
- Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
- b ______ disagreed mainly over the division of power between the national government and the states.
Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const
- c - George Washington became pres. for a second term.
- Hamilton and Jefferson wrote letters to GW and ask him to stay another term
- GW was elected unanimously again, Adams was VP again
- He did not trust and was against political parties.
- d the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
- e General in the Revolutionary War
-first President of the United States
-set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
-against political parties
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:
- the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years
- the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens
- the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US
- the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.
The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.
The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
- established a Supreme Court (with a Chief Justice and five associate justices) and district courts
- Proposed by Alexander Hamilton (1791 :: 20-year charter)
government was the major stockholder.
strong and stable national currency.
Jefferson opposed the bank (as a republican); he thought it was un-constitutional.
A place where all the tax money would go, money would be printed, loans issued, and loans regulated.
- government free from external control
- 1798 to 1800
undeclared war fought entirely at sea
Caused by the XYZ affair.
Congress cut off all trade with France.
Navy was created.
Britain - ally
Finally France backed down
5 True/False Questions
Checks and balances → Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
tribal sovereignty → - Under constitution, natives were legal entities, but not foreign nations
- not citizens of the U.S.
"""Considered nation within a nation."""
whiskey rebellion → 3rd President of the United States, 2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1st Secretary of State
chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
John Adam's Presidency → 2nd President (after Washington) who was a Federalist and hated Hamilton. He inherited a violent quarrel with France (who were furious about Jay's Treaty because it was in violation of Franco-American alliance).
Proclamation of Neutrality → the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government