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ap us history chapter 6 (apush) Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
  2. Alien and Sedition Acts
  3. Department of the Navy
  4. Jay's Treaty
  5. New Jersey Plan
  1. a created because of Quasi war.
  2. b Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).
  3. c The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population.
  4. d These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:

    - the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years

    - the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens

    - the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US

    - the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.

    The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.

    The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.

    The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
  5. e failed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship

    - allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. This meeting was called by Alexander Hamilton and others to talk about the lowering of taxes and tariffs to increase trade between the states.
  2. 1798 to 1800
    undeclared war fought entirely at sea
    Caused by the XYZ affair.
    Congress cut off all trade with France.
    Navy was created.
    Britain - ally
    Finally France backed down
  3. A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
  4. This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
  5. loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
    - Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
    - Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.

5 True/False Questions

  1. President George WashingtonLeader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.

          

  2. The Great CompromiseThis collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.

          

  3. Federalist Number 10This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.

          

  4. John Adam's Presidencyfailed to compensate Brit assaults on ships and withdrawal of Brit forces from frontier, but prevented war, established American sovereignty over Northwest, satisfactory commercial relationship

    - allowed peace to be made with Spain b/c raised fears of Brit/American alliance in North America, Pinckney's treaty 1795 recognized US right to Mississippi, Florida border, control of Indian raids from FL

          

  5. Federalists and Anti-federalists______ disagreed mainly over the division of power between the national government and the states.

    Feds= for the Const; Antfeds= against Const

          

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