5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- The Great Compromise
- The Federalist Papers
- first party system
- Alexander Hamilton
- Checks and balances
- a All bills would originate in the house
Direct taxes on states according to population
-the senate would have 2 representatives from each state
-House of Representatives would be based on population
- b loosely organized Federalist party and Democratic-Republican party;
- Revolution of 1800. John Adams (Fed.) and Thomas Jefferson (Republican) ran
- Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr as vice president (both Republican) replaced all Federalists except in Judiciary --> in desperation, Federalists passed Judiciary Act of 1801 allowing midnight appointees of several Fed. judges.
- c This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government, and defending it.
- d Leader of the Federalists. First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
- e A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- - A formal announcement issued by President George Washington on April 22, 1793, declaring the United States a neutral nation in the conflict between Great Britain and France that had begun with the French Revolution. It threatened legal proceedings against any American providing assistance to warring countries.
- General in the Revolutionary War
-first President of the United States
-set precedence for the country: 2 terms in office, the three executive departments
-against political parties
- These consist of four laws passed by the Federalist Congress and signed by President Adams in 1798:
- the Naturalization Act, which increased the waiting period for an immigrant to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years
- the Alien Act, which empowered the president to arrest and deport dangerous aliens
- the Alien Enemy Act, which allowed for the arrest and deportation of citizens of countries at war with the US
- the Sedition Act, which made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.
The first 3 were enacted in response to the XYZ Affair, and were aimed at French and Irish immigrants, who were considered subversives.
The Sedition Act was an attempt to stifle Democratic-Republican opposition, although only 25 people were ever arrested, and only 10 convicted, under the law.
The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, which initiated the concept of "nullification" of federal laws were written in response to the Acts.
- The person with the most electoral votes, John Adams, became President and the person with the second most electoral votes, Thomas Jefferson, became Vice President. A problem from this situation was that Adams and Jefferson belonged to different political parties, so political tensions were strong in the Executive Branch. In modern elections, presidential candidates choose their vice presidential candidates to run with them, so the situation in 1796 could not occur.
- Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional (breaking its compact with the states. Nullification was based on John Locke's compact theory).
5 True/False Questions
election of 1792 → The person with the most electoral votes, John Adams, became President and the person with the second most electoral votes, Thomas Jefferson, became Vice President. A problem from this situation was that Adams and Jefferson belonged to different political parties, so political tensions were strong in the Executive Branch. In modern elections, presidential candidates choose their vice presidential candidates to run with them, so the situation in 1796 could not occur.
Virginia Plan → Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
Annapolis Conference → 3rd President of the United States, 2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1st Secretary of State
chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
Report on Manufacturing → James Hamilton's plan (1791).
- Growth of industry
- included: tariffs, loans, grants, the excise tax (distilled liquor --> Whiskey Rebellion), and the improvement of infrastructure.
Sovereignty → government free from external control