cachet

Letter which could imprison: lettre de ________

despot

Term for unjust ruler

Fundamental

_________ Laws supposedly bound king

Controller-General

Title of treasurer

intendants

Administrators in old regime provinces

ancien

Old regime - ____________ regime

taille

Main direct tax of OR France

poll

Capitation was a ____ tax

vingtieme

Five per cent tax

gabelle

Indirect tax on salt

Aides

Indirect taxes on food and drink

war

Main drain on old regime economy

tax

Farmers-General were concerned with _____

assemblies

Pays d'etats had provincial _______

Parlements

13 highest courts in old regime

robe

Nobles in administration: nobles of the_____

third

Parlement of Paris covered one-_________ of France

remonstrances

Criticisms the Parlements made of royal legislation

registered

All laws had to be ________ by the Parlements

1774

Year in which Louis XVI became king

Habsburgs

Austrian royal family

1763

Seven Years War ended in ____

deficit

Marie Antoinette: Madame _________

brother

Comte de Provence: Louis' ____________

philosophes

Writers of the Enlightenment

Encyclopaedia

Great collaborative written work of Enlightenment

reason

Quality emphasised by the Enlightenment

church

'Ecrasez l'infame' referred to the_______

Montesquieu

Author of Spirit of the Laws (1748)

clergy

First Estate

orders

Alternative name for estates

curé

French term for parish priest

tithe

Church tax

second

Nobles were the _________ Estate

Versailles

Location of royal court

Sieyes

Author of 'What is the Third Estate?'

corvée

Compulsory unpaid labour on roads

seigneur

Feudal lord

banalites

Feudal lords' monopolies

Ordinance

1781 - Segur____________

anobli

The recently ennobled

venal

Purchased offices: __________ offices

bourgeoisie

French for the middle class

serfs

Lowest peasants

guilds

Associations of skilled workers

Calonne

He warned of bankruptcy in Aug 1786

menu

Common people: ________ people

Succession

War of 1740-8: Austrian__________

1778

Year France entered War of Independence

Necker

Director-General of Finance from 1777-81

rendu

Statement of finances of 1781: Compte _______

Fleury

Calonne's predecessor: Joly de ______

land

Calonne's solution: a ______ tax

Notables

It met in Feb 1787: Assembly of ______

1614

Last meeting of Estates-General before 1789

Brienne

New Controller-General 1787

Parlement

Which organisation blocked Brienne's reforms?

Lamoignon

Minister who attacked parlements in 1788

Edicts

May _____ of 1788 attacked parlements

aristocratic

Rennes and Grenoble: sites of '_________ revolt'

August

Bankruptcy was declared in ________ 1788

Necker

Finance minister when Estates-General met

head

Estates-General voting: by order or by______?

Thirty

The Society of ________ agitated for voting by head

cahiers

Lists of grievances: __________ de doleances

harvest

1788 the countryside suffered a bad ________

third

About one-_________ of nobles in EG were liberal

8

Percentage of population who were bourgeois in 1789

May

Estates-General met on 5 ______ 1789

National

17 June 1789 creation of the __________ Assembly

June

Tennis Court Oath: 20 _______

constitution

Tennis Court Oath participants promised a_______

Bailly

He administered Tennis Court Oath

Session

23 June 1789 meeting: Royal _______

Auch

Sole abstainer from Tennis Court Oath: Martin d'_______

27

Louis ordered privileged orders to join 3rd: ___ June 1789

Reveillon

April 1789 riots over bread and wages: _______ riots

Palais

Centre of agitation in Paris in July: _______ Royal

Orleans

Highest ranking revolutionary in 1789: Duc d'_______

Necker

He was dismissed on 11 July 1789

Invalides

Source of weapons on 14 July 1789

Launay

Governor of the Bastille: Marquis de_______

Commune

Organisation created to run Paris from July

Lafayette

First commander of the National Guard

Constituent

From 9 July 1789 new title of Assembly

Paris

Red and blue were colours of ______

municipal

Revolution in towns is known as __________ revolution

terriers

Lists of feudal obligations

chateaux

Mansions destroyed in Great Fear

brigands

They were feared in Great Fear

Noailles

August Decrees were initiated by Vicomte de ______

4

The August Decrees were initiated on ____ August

seigneurs

Feudal lords were known as ____________

compensation

Under August Decrees, feudal lords would receive ________

Bourbons

French royal family

Lafayette

French hero of the American war

Rousseau

Philosophe who emphasised 'general will'

Voltaire

Philosophe who emphasised tolerance

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