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carrying boats and supplies overland

League of the Iroquois

alliance of the five Iroquois nations

balance of power

an equilibrium of power between nations

land speculator

person who buys up large areas of land in the hope of selling them later for a profit.

Albany Plan of Union

plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown

French and Indian War

a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)


a decrease of military personnel or equipment

prime minister

the person who is head of state (in several countries)

Battle of Quebec

turning point of war when Quebec surrendered to the French in 1759

Treaty of Paris (1763)

Ended French and Indian War, France lost Canada, land east of the Mississippi, to British, New Orleans and west of Mississippi to Spain

La Salle

French explorer who sailed from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico via the Mississippi River and claimed the western United States for France.

Jacques Marquette

French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley (1637-1675)

Louis Joliet

French explorer (with Jacques Marquette) of the upper Mississippi River valley (1645-1700)

Jean Baptiste de Bienville


St. Dominque (Haiti)


Louis de Saint-Denis


Fort Duquesne

French fort that was site of first major battle of French and Indian War; General Washington led unsuccessful attack on French troops and was then defeated at Fort Necessity, marking beginning of conflict.

Benjamin Franklin

printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics

Edward Braddock

a British commander during the French and Indian War. He attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was defeated by the French and the Indians. At this battle, Braddock was mortally wounded.

William Pitt

English statesman who brought the Seven Years' War to an end (1708-1778)


famous chief of the Ottawa who led an unsuccessful rebellion against the British (1715-1769)


Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Click to see the original works with their full license.

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