things that are produced or manufactured for the use of money making
acts or trades offered to be done for money or for another good
when a supply or good is very little
the amount available of a certain good or service
the amount of good or service wanted by the public
expanding market economy
a growing economy based on the rise and fall of the stock market and the consumers/users of the good or service
an economic system characterized by private ownership of goods and businesses
a share of a company that can be bought or sold to make profit
money from investors
a place where shares of companies are bought and sold, usually by stock brokers representing other people
someone who buys and sells stocks for other people
term used for an economy that's doing well
term used for an economy thats doing poorly
money used to give employees a raise in pay
total amount of money made without subtracting costs, bonuses, and salaries
total amount of money made after subtracting cocts, bonuses, and salaries
required payments to the government
an accumulated stock of wealth
a person who organizes an enterprise, a contractor; a [wealthy] businnesman
invented the car and was one of the first people to take advantage of the assembly line
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the telephone
Thomas Alva Edison
famous inventor of the light bulb and many other things. owns more patents than any other inventor
one of the richest men of his time, used the bessemer process to build cheaper, stronger steel from iron ore for buildings, bridges, and train tracks
a business that is registered with the govn't , A business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts. Can sell stocks!
a business owned and managed by a single individual
the economic and political domination of a stronger nation over a weaker one
the belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean
the belief that English speaking countries are superior
the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation
Ship that explodes off the coast of Cuba in Havana harbor and helps contribute to the start of the Spanish-American War
the president during the Spanish American War; asked congress to go to war in Cuba
Treaty of Paris
(1898) , Signed by the United States and Spain in December 1898, this treaty ended the Spanish-American War. Under its terms, Spain recognized Cuba's independence and assumed the Cuban debt; it also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. At the insistence of the U.S. representatives, Spain also ceded the Phillipines. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers; Hearst and Pulitzer used it to sell more newspapers
A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
creator of the "New York World;"cut the prices so people could afford it; featured color comics and yellow journalism
New York World
Pulitzer's paper. A typical page of the paper consisted of a lot of hype designed to get more people interested.
New York Journal
a newspaper/ journal that Hearst wrote and owned that was in competition with Pulitzer, the newspaper also used yellow journalism
Was an admiral of the United States Navy, where he was best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. He also was the only person in the history of the United States to attain the rank of 'Admiral of the Navy'
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
belief that the U.S. should not expand its territory overseas and that the U.S. should just be a normal country and leave the other countries alone
Alfred T Mahan
1840-1914. US Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. Influenced navies worldwide on the importance of building a strong navy. Author of "The Influence of Seapower Upon History, 1660-1783" in 1890. Taught at Naval War College, and was twice President of College.
Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
President Roosevelt in 1904 established the right of the USA to intervene anywhere in the western hemisphere in order to maintain order and to prevent "wrong doing"; that the U.S. had rights to be a 'police officer of the Western Hemisphere' Stated that the Monroe Doctrine still existed; said that US would act as a police officer to all Latin American countries and that they would keep the European Military off of the Western Hemisphere
Big Stick Policy
Roosevelt's philosophy - In international affairs, ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them. Threaten to use force, act as international policemen
the political orientation of those who favor progress toward better conditions in government and society
a policy based on the idea that government sould play as small a role as possible in the ecomony
newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business
aka monopolies - large businesses increasing rapidly in both number and power by buying and taking over the market; controls or almost controls and entire type of business => NO COMPETITION!!!!!
aka trusts - large businesses increasing rapidly in both number and power by buying and taking over the market; controls or almost controls and entire type of business => NO COMPETITION!!!!!
National businessman that bought out all of the competition so that he had many large monopolies/trusts; owner of Northern Securities
a major northern railroad monopoly that was controlled by J.P. Morgan
United States writer whose novels argued for social reform (1878-1968), wrote the Jungle, a book about the horrors of food production
Boone and Crockett Club
was a 'club' founded by T.R. and the owner of Forest and Stream magazine. It supported concepts that had to deal with the environment, such as scientific forest management, clean water, and restricted use of natural resources. It also promoted hunting, but along with the idea of preservation of the game and land. It helped enforce the idea of conservation and it protected species and natural parks.
Reclamation Service of 1902
It used the government's power to build irrigation systems to water farmlands to make them more arable, or able to be farmed. This allowed many people to build farms on good land without the having to cut down trees for new land.
T.R.'s friend who favored keeping forest lands completely intact, but often disagreed with Roosevelt on policy matters. He and Roosevelt were allies and admirers
head of the u.s. forest service under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them; chief of the bureau of forestry
Pure Food and Drug Act
made companies label their food and producvts with the ingredients; made it so there was no bad food or drugs legally sold
a legal, true statement from someone that can be used by the government against someone else or something
Meat Inspection Act
made better working conditions for employees, better government inspections, and helped set good sanitary standards
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire alliance in WWI
Serbia, Russia, France, Great Britain, and Italy alliance in WWI
Emperor of Austria-Hungary at the outbreak of World War I.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
archduke of Austria Hungary who was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian terrorist group called the Black Hand; his death was a main cause for World War I
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
No Man's Land
Territory between rival Trenches, very dangerous
over the top
Expression referring to climbing out of a trench or over the front edge of the trench to begin moving across no man's land.
narrow, zigzagging dirt enclosures four feet wide and six or seven feet deep
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other
refusal to take sides; impartiality
amounts of money given to somebody on the condition that it will be payed back later
unrestricted submarine warfare
the use of German submarines to sink without warning any ship , including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners
Selective Service Act
law requiring men to register for military service
General John Pershing
Commander of the American Expeditionary Force
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons Amereica decided to join the war.
German proposal of a German Mexican alliance, promising the return of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona to Mexico; was intercepted by the British and sparked U.S. desire to go to war
American Expeditionary Force
the name given to the american military force that fought in World War I; about 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing
War Industries Board
a board of men created by President Wilson that coordinate the activities of government and business during the war
sauerkraut changed name because it was german.
Committee on Public Information (CPI)
committee used to produce propaganda favorable to the Allied cause
payments for war damage after the war to countries that had suffered the damage or losses of that war
war guilt clause
stated that Germany was solely responsible for World War I
a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
to trade a good or service for another good or service