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system-config-display

to start Red Hat GUI X Window Display Settings configuration tool

Red Hat Display Settings

you might use the _________ tool and system-config-display command interchangeably

GNU Network Object Model Environment

GNOME

K Desktop Environment

KDE

www.tldp.org

Linux Hardware Compatibility List is at http://____/HOWTO/Hardware-HOWTO/

hardware.redhat.com

Red Hat Hardware Catalog is in https://____

X Window server

The open-source X server program from X.org is the ____ shipped with RHEL 5

/etc/X11/xorg.conf

The latest version of X.org includes modules for different video servers. Hardware support for most video servers is already there. If you learn of updates, changes are easy. Just add the module, and then point to it in the _________ file.

~/.kde

KDE configuration files are stored in each user's ____ directory

~/.gconf

GNOME configuration files are stored in hidden directories such as ____

CTRL-ALT-F1

If the X Window System is running, change to a text console by pressing ____

init 3 (telinit 3 works as well)

When you log in as root at the text console, stop the current X Window server with the following command

X &

Start the X.org server by typing this command

xterm -display localhost:0.0 &

enable your xterm display for your own window

/usr/X11R6/bin

x apps like xclipboard and xminicom are in this dir

-geometry 100x100+10+20

x command line option: Specify the size and location of the window. In this case, we want a window 100×100 pixels in size, offset from the upper-left corner by 10 pixels horizontally and 20 pixels vertically.

-font lucidasans-14

x command line option: Display text for this client using font lucida sans 14 font

-background blue

x command line option: Set the window background to blue.

-foreground white

x command line option: Set the window foreground to white.

-title "kaia"

x command line option: Place a title on the client window's title bar saying "kaia".

-bordercolor green

x command line option: Make the window border green.

-borderwidth 5

x command line option: Make the window border 5 pixels wide.

+10+10

for offset, if you specify ____, the client is positioned 10 pixels from the left edge of the screen and 10 pixels from the top of the screen.

-10-10

for offset, if you specify ____,the client 10 pixels from the right edge of the screen and 10 pixels up from the bottom of the screen

/usr/share/X11/fonts

The default font list is located in the ____ directory

gnome-terminal

Red Hat has configured ____ as the default command line interface within the default GNOME desktop

Option "DontVTSwitch" "on"

Disable switching from the GUI to other virtual terminals with the following command:

Option "DontZap" "on"

Disable the CTRL-ALT-BACKSPACE key sequence, which normally exits from the GUI with the following command:

/etc/X11/xorg.conf

The Display Settings tool normally writes its changes to ____. When the X.org server starts, it reads this file

startx &

Start the X.org server by typing this command

ALT-F7

Return to your GUI by pressing ____

DontVTSwitch

Switch back to your text console session by pressing CTRL-ALT-F1. Return to your GUI by pressing ALT-F7. Switch back again to your text console session. If these commands do not work, check for a ____ option in your /etc/X11/xorg.conf file.

CTRL-ALT-BACKSPACE

If no logout menu option is available, press ____

Identifier "single head configuration"

in /etc/X11/xorg.conf, ____ indicates that you have one, not dual monitor configuration.

mingetty

When you log into Linux at a regular command line interface, the ____ command calls up a login program that prompts you for your username and password.

/etc/inittab

Six mingetty terminals are configured through ____

/etc/inittab

To make Linux start a text console (with no GUI) automatically, use your favorite text editor and change the line in ____ that reads id:5:initdefault: to id:3:initdefault:

gdm

GNOME Display Manager

prefdm

To change your display manager, edit the ____ shell script in the /etc/X11 directory. Take the preferred directive and set it to kdm or gdm.

/etc/sysconfig/desktop

Alternate way to set your display manger is to set the DISPLAYMANAGER directive to GNOME or KDE in ____.

false

the X Display Manager, xdm, is included with RHEL 5? true or false?

/etc/X11/prefdm

If the X Window doesn't start, whether it be from the startx command or from booting into runlevel 5, make sure key files and commands exist on your system. Try reconfiguring the X Window with the system-config-display command. Check the ____ file; an error in the preferred directive gave me the same error.

xinit

The startx command is actually a shell script that serves as a front end to the ____ command.

userclientrc

When you start the X Window System with the startx command, the ____ directive looks for a file to run named .xinitrc in your home directory.

/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc

When you start the X Window System with the startx command, the userclientrc directive looks for a file to run named .xinitrc in your home directory. It then reads the ____ configuration script

$HOME/.Xclients

the /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc configuration script runs either the file ____ , or, if that file doesn't exist, /etc/X11/xinit/Xclients.

.xinitrc

If you want to restore your original desktop settings, to allow you to start GNOME or KDE with the startx command, remove the ~/____ file from your home directory.

system-config-display

If you want to configure your X Window System, there are three options: Direct configuration of the X Window configuration file, the Red Hat Display Settings tool (____), or automatic installation and configuration of the X Window during the installation process.

system-config-display

The ____ program is a character-based menu-driven interface that helps you configure your video hardware. If you're starting from a text console, it automatically probes your video card and selects the appropriate X server image. If ____ cannot detect your graphics card, it allows you to select it from the list of supported video cards.

1920×1440

If your hardware supports it, you can configure Monitor resolutions between 640×480 and ____

www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo

Check online for other Linux users who are running the X Window System with the same type of hardware. Red Hat maintains mailing lists where many users ask such questions; for the current set of lists, see http://____.

VESA

Video Electronics Standards Association

SVGA

Super Video Graphics Array

SVGA

The VESA driver is also known as ____

www.X.org

for your monitor, Go to http://____ and download the latest drivers. You'll need to edit the /etc/X11/xorg.conf file directly to point to this driver.

/var/log/Xorg.0.log

If you have problems with the X Window, the first thing to do is check the log file, in ____

Xorg -configure

Some problems may keep the system-config-display command from working. In that case, you can use a command line option to probe your hardware and create a local xorg.conf configuration file: ____ (caution: this may not work for all hardware configurations, such as RHEL 5 within VMware.)

xfs

Linux manages fonts through the X Font Server. RHEL manages the X Font Server with the ___ service script.

.xsession-errors

Session managers create log files in your home directory such as ~/____ . Check these log files as well as /var/log/messages and /var/log/Xorg.0.log for error messages from your X server.

ssh -X u@r

If you are troubleshooting X server problems on a remote system, try starting an X client from your workstation using the remote X server's display. Note that you will need to have logged into the remote system with the ____ command (assuming your username is u and remote system name is r)

KDE

you can configure ____ to a look and feel that is quite similar to Windows 9x/2000/XP/Vista.

switchdesk

To manage the default desktop, use the ____ command.

.Xclients-default

You don't need to use switchdesk; once you have an ~/____ file, you can edit it directly.

WM="twm"

Tom's Window Manager; set if ~/.Xclients-default file would include the following line: ___

firewall

The X Window System works as client and server. X clients and X servers can be located on different computers on a network. With an appropriate ____ configuration, you can take advantage of it with the Secure Shell.

.xinitrc

You can customize the GUI start process in a number of ways. You can configure a default login manager. With an appropriate ____ file, you can set up X clients to start when you run the startx command. Plus, you can configure a default desktop with the switchdesk command, which defined it in the local .Xclients-default file. Alternatively, you can run the Sessions utility to configure X clients in the GNOME desktop.

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