a professional writer
to belive in many gods
a troditional story
a marcet selling many diffrent goods
many territories and people controlied by one government
a form of writing that uses wedges and lines
a orginized list of laws and rules
a city with its own traditions and its own laws
King of Babylon from about 1792-1750BC creator of the Babylonia Empire;established one of the oldest codes of law
King of the New Babylonian empire from about 605-561 BC
The first civilization to arise in Mesopotamia
People who were from Babylon
A region in Southwest Asia; site of thw world's first civilization
An ancient region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in southwest Asia
The center of the Babylonian empire. An ancient region around southeastern Mesopoatamia and between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, now present-day Iraq
a river in Iraq and Turkey
a river flowing south from Turkey through Syria and Iraq
an arm of the Arabian Sea located between the Arabian Penisula and southwest Iran
the large sea that seperates Europe and Africa
What attracted People to the Fertile Crescent?
Its rich fertile soil and life giving rivers.
Why did civilizations devlope there?
Because people could become farmers and city builders. Its location drew many traders
Why did Sumerian city-states become independent of each other?
Because they were seperated by long distances and usually a desert. It made it difficult for them to unite under one ruler.
What was the main cause of war between the people of Mesopotamia?
Because it was a land worth taking. It brought great wealth to the army that could conquer it. But after winning it each ruler became a target for another conqueror.
Why were scribes important and what role did they play?
Scribes were important because they were the only people in the land who could keep records for the kings and priests.
Who united the city states under one ruler?
King Hammurabi united the cities of Sumer
Why was Babylon a cross roads for trade?
Babylons location made it a crossroad for trade. Caravans or groups of travelers coming and going from the cities of Sumer stopped in Babylon.
What were the military contributions of the Assyrian people?
Because they were constantly defending themselves the Assyrians became skilled warriors. They invented the battering ram, a powerful weapon on wheels that pounded city walls to rumble.
Which city was known for its great library?
The city of Nineveh. It is also the capital of Assyria
Why was the library of great value?
Because it held thousands of clay tablets with writings from Sumer and Babylon. Because of these records we now know a great deal about life in early Mesopotamia.
What was Hammurabis code and why was it important?
Hammutabi's code contained 282 laws organized in different categories. It was based on the idea of an "eye for an eye" It was important because they were written down. With written laws everyone knew the rules and the punishments