Bible − Old and New Testament

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Bible Notes

Saul

first king of Israel; moody

David

second king of Israel; military king who united the twelve tribes of Israel and made Jerusalem the nation's capital; was a shepherd who played the harp and wrote 150 Psalms (or songs); killed Goliath

Solomon

third king of Israel; wise king who built the Temple in Jerusalem and wrote the book of Proverbs

prophet

spokesperson for God who called people back to right relationships

Jeremiah

prophet who preached God as a potter

Elijah

"disturber of Israel"; "in-your-face" prophet

Isaiah

prophet who preached that God will send a savior

Micah

prophet who preached to act justly, love tenderly, and walk humbly with God

Amos

prophet who called for justice for the poor

John the Baptist

prophet who was the bridge between the Old and New Testament; eccentric; preached to prepare the way for Jesus

Saul, David, and Solomon

first three kings of Israel (in order)

Jeremiah, Elijah, Isaiah, Micah, and Amos

prophets of the Old Testament

Babylonians

first to conquer Israel; took important people as slaves; destroyed the Temple

Samaritans

people left behind during the Babylonian captivity

diaspora

scattering

Babylonian captivity

time when the Hebrew Scriptures were written and the Jewish people started living their faith through their actions and rooting it in their hearts

Cyrus of Persia

conquers Babylon and sets the Jews free to return to Israel

Alexander the Great

Greek who conquers Israel

Hellinization

the spread of Greek culture

Septuagint

Greek translation of the Old Testament

Pentateuch

Greek name for the first five books of the Bible; used by non-Jews

Romans

conquered Israel after Alexander the Great

occupied

Israel was _____________ land under the Roman empire.

taxed

The Romans ___________ the Jews, using men such as Matthew and Zacchaeus to collect this money.

John the Baptist

baptized Jesus

repentance

Baptism symbolized _____________.

New Age

The Jordan River symbolized a ___________ ___________.

voice

At Jesus's Baptism, the __________ was the Father.

Jesus

At Jesus's Baptism, ___________ was the Son.

dove

At Jesus's Baptism, the __________ was the Holy Spirit.

73

There are _____ books in the Catholic Bible.

library

The Bible is referred to as God's ___________.

inspired

"in the zone"

Old Testament

Hebrew Scriptures

Torah

first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures for Jews

Historical Books

The kings of Israel are found in this part of the Old Testament.

Wisdom Books

The books of Psalms, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes are found in this part of the Old Testament.

Ecclesiastes

Wisdom book that deals with time

Prophetic Books

part of the Old Testament that tells about the prophets

Christian Scriptures

New Testament

Gospel

Good News

synoptic

similar

Matthew, Mark, and Luke

synoptic Gospels (in the order listed in the Bible); have similar miracles and parables

Matthew

Gospel writer who was a tax collector and unpopular

Mark

Gospel writer who was very young and cowardly

Luke

Gospel writer who was a physician; fascinated by miracles; mentioned women in his writings; wrote Acts of the Apostles

John

unique Gospel writer who wrote long speeches

John

"Beloved Apostle" because he was at the foot of the cross; Jesus's best friend; wealthy fisherman

Acts of the Apostles

book of the New Testament about the early Christian community

Acts of the Apostles

book of the New Testament about Pentecost, Roman persecutions, and spreading the Gospel

13

Paul wrote ____ letters.

Saul

bounty hunter of Christians

beheading

Paul was killed by ______________ because he was a citizen of Rome.

Paul's Letters

Thessalonians, Romans, and Galatians are books in this part of the New Testament.

7

There are _____ Catholic Letters.

Apostles

writers of the Catholic Letters

John

writer of the Book of Revelation

Revelation

last book of the Bible that is very symbolic

eschatology

study of the end time

Incarnation

core truth of the Catholic faith that states that Jesus, the Son of God, became human to save us

Incarnation

The Four Purposes of _______________:
to save us
to reveal God to us
a role model of holiness ("new Adam")
share life with us through covenant and relationship

Magisterium

the teaching office of the Church that makes decisions regarding the faith

Scripture; Tradition; Holy Spirit

_____________, ______________, and the ____________ _____________ help us make decisions in the Church.

Holy Spirit

The ___________ _____________ is creative and unpredictable.

46

There are _____ books in the Old Testament of the Catholic Bible.

27

There are _____ books in the New Testament.

Revelation

gradual coming to know God

spirituality

relationship with God

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