John Adams' Presidency
|Who was John Adams' vice president?||Thomas Jefferson|
|What year was John Adams elected President?||1796|
|Under John Adams, Congress was controlled by _________ (which political party?)||Federalists|
|John Adams' Presidency - Domestic affairs|| 1. Established Cabinet level Navy Dept., 1798|
2. Increased size of army and navy and increased taxes to support them.
3. Passed Alien Acts, 1798
4. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, 1799
|Alien Acts:||a. Naturalization Act: Increased time for immigrants to become citizens from 5 to 14 years.|
b. Alien Act: President could deport or imprison immigrants considered dangerous to U.S.
c. Sedition Act: Persons who wrote, published, or said anything against Congress or the President could be fined or imprisoned.
|Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions (1799):|| a. Two state legislatures condemned Alien and Sedition Acts as unconstitutional.|
b. First formal expression of states' rights.
|John Adams' Presidency - Foreign affairs:||1. XYZ Affair, 1797|
|XYZ Affair (1797):||a. A negotiating mission to seek peace with France.|
b. France agents wanted $250,000 bribe and $10 million loan (common practice in Europe).
c. Adams reported to Congress and anti-French public opinion developed.
d. U.S. and France in undeclared war in 1798
e. American warships and privateers captured 100 French ships.
f. Second mission ended conflict without money.